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Found 35038 matches. Displaying 31-40
Kueck T, Bloyet LM, Cassella E, Zang T, Schmidt F, Brusic V, Tekes G, Pornillos O, Whelan SPJ, Bieniasz PD
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Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Transcription Is Inhibited by TRIM69 in the Interferon-Induced Antiviral State

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY 2019 DEC; 93(24):? Article e01372-19
Interferons (IFNs) induce the expression of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), many of which are responsible for the cellular antiviral state in which the replication of numerous viruses is blocked. How the majority of individual ISGs inhibit the replication of particular viruses is unknown. We conducted a loss-of-function screen to identify genes required for the activity of alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) against vesicular stomatitis virus, Indiana serotype (VSVIND), a prototype negative-strand RNA virus. Our screen revealed that TRIM69, a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family of proteins, is a VSVIND inhibitor. TRIM69 potently inhibited VSVIND replication through a previously undescribed transcriptional inhibition mechanism. Specifically, TRIM69 physically associates with the VSVIND phosphoprotein (P), requiring a specific peptide target sequence encoded therein. P is a cofactor for the viral polymerase and is required for viral RNA synthesis, as well as the assembly of replication compartments. By targeting P, TRIM69 inhibits pioneer transcription of the incoming virion-associated minus-strand RNA, thereby preventing the synthesis of viral mRNAs, and consequently impedes all downstream events in the VSVIND replication cycle. Unlike some TRIM proteins, TRIM69 does not inhibit viral replication by inducing degradation of target viral proteins. Rather, higher-order TRIM69 multimerization is required for its antiviral activity, suggesting that TRIM69 functions by sequestration or anatomical disruption of the viral machinery required for VSVIND RNA synthesis. IMPORTANCE Interferons are important antiviral cytokines that work by inducing hundreds of host genes whose products inhibit the replication of many viruses. While the antiviral activity of interferon has long been known, the identities and mechanisms of action of most interferon-induced antiviral proteins remain to be discovered. We identified gene products that are important for the antiviral activity of interferon against vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), a model virus that whose genome consists of a single RNA molecule with negative-sense polarity. We found that a particular antiviral protein, TRIM69, functions by a previously undescribed molecular mechanism. Specifically, TRIM69 interacts with and inhibits the function of a particular phosphoprotein (P) component of the viral transcription machinery, preventing the synthesis of viral messenger RNAs.
Lafaille FG, Harschnitz O, Lee YS, Zhang P, Hasek ML, Kerner G, Itan Y, Ewaleifoh O, Rapaport F, Carlile TM, Carter-Timofte ME, Paquet D, Dobbs K, Zimmer B, Gao DX, Rojas-Duran MF, Kwart D, Rattina V, Ciancanelli MJ, McAlpine JL, Lorenzo L, Boucherit S, Rozenberg F, Halwani R, Henry B, Amenzoui N, Alsum Z, Marques L, Church JA, Al-Muhsen S, Tardieu M, Bousfiha AA, Paludan SR, Mogensen TH, Quintana-Murci L, Tessier-Lavigne M, Smith GA, Notarangelo LD, Studer L, Gilbert W, Abel L, Casanova JL, Zhang SY
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Human SNORA31 variations impair cortical neuron-intrinsic immunity to HSV-1 and underlie herpes simplex encephalitis

NATURE MEDICINE 2019 DEC; 25(12):1873-1884
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) is typically sporadic. Inborn errors of TLR3- and DBR1-mediated central nervous system cell-intrinsic immunity can account for forebrain and brainstem HSE, respectively. We report five unrelated patients with forebrain HSE, each heterozygous for one of four rare variants of SNORA31, encoding a small nucleolar RNA of the H/ACA class that are predicted to direct the isomerization of uridine residues to pseudouridine in small nuclear RNA and ribosomal RNA. We show that CRISPR/Cas9-introduced bi- and monoallelic SNORA31 deletions render human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cortical neurons susceptible to HSV-1. Accordingly, SNORA31-mutated patient hPSC-derived cortical neurons are susceptible to HSV-1, like those from TLR3- or STAT1-deficient patients. Exogenous interferon (IFN)-beta renders SNORA31- and TLR3- but not STAT1-mutated neurons resistant to HSV-1. Finally, transcriptome analysis of SNORA31-mutated neurons revealed normal responses to TLR3 and IFN-alpha/beta stimulation but abnormal responses to HSV-1. Human SNORA31 thus controls central nervous system neuron-intrinsic immunity to HSV-1 by a distinctive mechanism.
Huszthy PC, Gopalakrishnan RP, Jacobsen JT, Haabeth OAW, Loset GA, Braathen R, Schenck K, Tveita AA, Munthe LA, Bogen B
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B cell receptor ligation induces display of V-region peptides on MHC class II molecules to T cells

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 2019 DEC 17; 116(51):25850-25859
The B cell receptors (BCRs) for antigen express variable (V) regions that are enormously diverse, thus serving as markers on individual B cells. V region-derived idiotypic (Id) peptides can be displayed as pId:MHCII complexes on B cells for recognition by CD4(+) T cells. It is not known if naive B cells spontaneously display pId:MHCII in vivo or if BCR ligation is required for expression, thereby enabling collaboration between Id(+) B cells and Id-specific T cells. Here, using a mouse model, we show that naive B cells do not express readily detectable levels of pId:MHCII. However, BCR ligation by Ag dramatically increases physical display of pId:MHCII, leading to activation of Id-specific CD4(+) T cells, extrafollicular T-B cell collaboration and some germinal center formation, and production of Id(+) IgG. Besides having implications for immune regulation, the results may explain how persistent activation of self-reactive B cells induces the development of autoimmune diseases and B cell lymphomas.
Tulloch AJ, Teo S, Carvajal BV, Tessier-Lavigne M, Jaworski A
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Diverse spinal commissural neuron populations revealed by fate mapping and molecular profiling using a novel Robo3(Cre) mouse

JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY 2019 DEC 15; 527(18):2948-2972
The two sides of the nervous system coordinate and integrate information via commissural neurons, which project axons across the midline. Commissural neurons in the spinal cord are a highly heterogeneous population of cells with respect to their birthplace, final cell body position, axonal trajectory, and neurotransmitter phenotype. Although commissural axon guidance during development has been studied in great detail, neither the developmental origins nor the mature phenotypes of commissural neurons have been characterized comprehensively, largely due to lack of selective genetic access to these neurons. Here, we generated mice expressing Cre recombinase from the Robo3 locus specifically in commissural neurons. We used Robo3(Cre) mice to characterize the transcriptome and various origins of developing commissural neurons, revealing new details about their extensive heterogeneity in molecular makeup and developmental lineage. Further, we followed the fate of commissural neurons into adulthood, thereby elucidating their settling positions and molecular diversity and providing evidence for possible functions in various spinal cord circuits. Our studies establish an important genetic entry point for further analyses of commissural neuron development, connectivity, and function.
Zhou Y, Kreek MJ
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Kappa Opioid Receptors and Mu Opioid Receptors as Combined Targets for Medication Development for Alcoholism

BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY 2019 DEC 1; 86(11):809-810
Domingos PM, Jenny A, Combie KF, del Alamo D, Mlodzik M, Steller H, Mollereau B
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Regulation of Numb during planar cell polarity establishment in the Drosophila eye

MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPMENT 2019 DEC; 160(?):? Article 103583
The establishment of planar cell polarity (PCP) in the Drosophila eye requires correct specification of the R3/R4 pair of photoreceptor cells, determined by a Frizzled mediated signaling event that specifies R3 and induces Delta to activate Notch signaling in the neighboring cell, specifying it as R4. Here, we investigated the role of the Notch signaling negative regulator Numb in the specification of R3/R4 fates and PCP establishment in the Drosophila eye. We observed that Numb is transiently upregulated in R3 at the time of R3/R4 specification. This regulation of Numb levels in developing photoreceptors occurs at the post-transcriptional level and is dependent on Dishevelled, an effector of Frizzled signaling, and Lethal Giant Larva. We detected PCP defects in cells homozygous for numb(15), but these defects were due to a loss of function mutation in fat (fat(Q805)*) being present in the numb(15) chromosome. However, mosaic overexpression of Numb in R4 precursors (only) caused PCP defects and numb loss-of-function alleles had a modifying effect on the defects found in a hypomorphic dishevelled mutation. Our results suggest that Numb levels are upregulated to reinforce the bias of Notch signaling activation in the R3/R4 pair, two post-mitotic cells that are not specified by asymmetric cell division.
Frew JW, Navrazhina K
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Into the (gluteal) fold: pilonidal disease and hidradenitis suppurativa - association or continuum?

BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2019 DEC; 181(6):1121-1121
Linked Article: Klassen et al. Br J Dermatol 2019; 181:1207-1215.
Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, Brondolin E, Dragicevic M, Ero J, Flechl M, Friedl M, Fruhwirth R, Ghete VM, Grossmann J, Hrubec J, Jeitler M, Konig A, Krammer N, Kratschmer I, Liko D, Madlener T, Mikulec I, Pree E, Rabady D, Rad N, Rohringer H, Schieck J, Schofbeck R, Spanring M, Spitzbart D, Waltenberger W, Wittmann J, Wulz CE, Zarucki M, Chekhovsky V, Mossolov V, Gonzalez JS, De Wolf EA, Di Croce D, Janssen X, Lauwers J, Van Haevermaet H, Van Mechelen P, Van Remortel N, Abu Zeid S, Blekman F, D'Hondt J, De Bruyn I, De Clercq J, Deroover K, Flouris G, Lontkovskyi D, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Moreels L, Python Q, Skovpen K, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Mulders P, Van Parijs I, Brun H, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Delannoy H, Fasanella G, Favart L, Goldouzian R, Grebenyuk A, Karapostoli G, Lenzi T, Luetic J, Maerschalk T, Marinov A, Randle-Conde A, Seva T, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Vannerom D, Yonamine R, Zenoni F, Zhang F, Cimmino A, Cornelis T, Dobur D, Fagot A, Gul M, Khvastunov I, Poyraz D, Roskas C, Salva S, Tytgat M, Verbeke W, Zaganidis N, Bakhshiansohi H, Bondu O, Brochet S, Bruno G, Caputo C, Caudron A, De Visscher S, Delaere C, Delcourt M, Francois B, Giammanco A, Jafari A, Komm M, Krintiras G, Lemaitre V, Magitteri A, Mertens A, Musich M, Piotrzkowski K, Quertenmont L, Marono MV, Wertz S, Beliy N, Alda WL, Alves FL, Alves GA, Brito L, Martins MC, Hensel C, Moraes A, Pol ME, Teles PR, Das Chagas EBB, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Custodio A, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, Damiao DD, De Souza SF, Guativa LMH, Malbouisson H, De Almeida MM, Herrera CM, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Manganote EJT, De Araujo FTD, Pereira AV, Ahuja S, Bernardes CA, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Abad DR, Vargas JCR, Aleksandrov A, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Stoykova S, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Glushkov I, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Fang W, Gao X, Ahmad M, Bian JG, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Chen Y, Jiang CH, Leggat D, Liao H, Liu Z, Romeo F, Shaheen SM, Spiezia A, Tao J, Wang C, Wang Z, Yazgan E, Zhang H, Zhang S, Zhao J, Ban Y, Chen G, Li Q, Liu S, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Wang D, Xu Z, Avila C, Cabrera A, Sierra LFC, Florez C, Hernaandez CFG, Alvarez JDR, Courbon B, Godinovic N, Lelas D, Puljak I, Cipriano PMR, Sculac T, Antunovic Z, Kovac M, Brigljevic V, Ferencek D, Kadija K, Mesic B, Starodumov A, Susa T, Ather MW, Attikis A, Mavromanolakis G, Mousa J, Nicolaou C, Ptochos F, Razis PA, Rykaczewski H, Finger M, Finger M, Jarrin EC, Assran Y, Mahmoud MA, Mahrous A, Dewanjee RK, Kadastik M, Perrini L, Raidal M, Tiko A, Veelken C, Eerola P, Pekkanen J, Voutilainen M, Harkonen J, Jarvinen T, Karimaki V, Kinnunen R, Lampen T, Lassila-Perini K, Lehti S, Linden T, Luukka P, Tuominen E, Tuominiemi J, Tuovinen E, Talvitie J, Tuuva T, Besancon M, Couderc F, Dejardin M, Denegri D, Faure JL, Ferri F, Ganjour S, Ghosh S, Givernaud A, Gras P, de Monchenault GH, Jarry P, Kucher I, Locci E, Machet M, Malcles J, Negro G, Rander J, Rosowsky A, Sahin MO, Titov M, Abdulsalam A, Antropov I, Baffioni S, Beaudette F, Busson P, Cadamuro L, Charlot C, De Cassagnac RG, Jo M, Lisniak S, Lobanov A, Blanco JM, Nguyen M, Ochando C, Ortona G, Paganini P, Pigard P, Regnard S, Salerno R, Sauvan JB, Sirois Y, Leiton AGS, Strebler T, Yilmaz Y, Zabi A, Zghiche A, Agram JL, Andrea J, Bloch D, Brom JM, Buttignol M, Chabert EC, Chanon N, Collard C, Conte E, Coubez X, Fontaine JC, Gele D, Goerlach U, Jansova M, Le Bihan AC, Tonon N, Van Hove P, Gadrat S, Beauceron S, Bernet C, Boudoul G, Chierici R, Contardo D, Depasse P, El Mamouni H, Fay J, Finco L, Gascon S, Gouzevitch M, Grenier G, Ille B, Lagarde F, Laktineh IB, Lethuillier M, Mirabito L, Pequegnot AL, Perries S, Popov A, Sordini V, Vander Donckt M, Viret S, Toriashvili T, Bagaturia I, Autermann C, Beranek S, Feld L, Kiesel MK, Klein K, Lipinski M, Preuten M, Schomakers C, Schulz J, Verlage T, Zhukov V, Albert A, Dietz-Laursonn E, Duchardt D, Endres M, Erdmann M, Erdweg S, Esch T, Fischer R, Guth A, Hamer M, Hebbeker T, Heidemann C, Hoepfner K, Knutzen S, Merschmeyer M, Meyer A, Millet P, Mukherjee S, Olschewski M, Padeken K, Pook T, Radziej M, Reithler H, Rieger M, Scheuch F, Teyssier D, Thuer S, Flugge G, Kargoll B, Kress T, Kunsken A, Lingemann J, Muller T, Nehrkorn A, Nowack A, Pistone C, Pooth O, Stahl A, Martin MA, Arndt T, Asawatangtrakuldee C, Beernaert K, Behnke O, Behrens U, Martinez AB, Bin Anuar AA, Borras K, Botta V, Campbell A, Connor P, Contreras-Campana C, Costanza F, Pardos CD, Eckerlin G, Eckstein D, Eichhorn T, Eren E, Gallo E, Garcia JG, Geiser A, Gizhko A, Luyando JMG, Grohsjean A, Gunnellini P, Guthoff M, Harb A, Hauk J, Hempel M, Jung H, Kalogeropoulos A, Kasemann M, Keaveney J, Kleinwort C, Korol I, Krucker D, Lange W, Lelek A, Lenz T, Leonard J, Lipka K, Lohmann W, Mankel R, Melzer-Pellmann IA, Meyer AB, Mittag G, Mnich J, Mussgiller A, Ntomari E, Pitzl D, Raspereza A, Roland B, Savitskyi M, Saxena P, Shevchenko R, Spannagel S, Stefaniuk N, Van Onsem GP, Walsh R, Wen Y, Wichmann K, Wissing C, Zenaiev O, Bein S, Blobel V, Vignali MC, Dreyer T, Garutti E, Gonzalez D, Haller J, Hinzmann A, Hoffmann M, Karavdina A, Klanner R, Kogler R, Kovalchuk N, Kurz S, Lapsien T, Marchesini I, Marconi D, Meyer M, Niedziela M, Nowatschin D, Pantaleo F, Peiffer T, Perieanu A, Scharf C, Schleper P, Schmidt A, Schumann S, Schwandt J, Sonneveld J, Stadie H, Steinbruck G, Stober FM, Stover M, Tholen H, Troendle D, Usai E, Vanelderen L, Vanhoefer A, Vormwald B, Akbiyik M, Barth C, Baur S, Butz E, Caspart R, Chwalek T, Colombo F, De Boer W, Dierlamm A, Freund B, Friese R, Giffels M, Gilbert A, Haitz D, Hartmann F, Heindl SM, Husemann U, Kassel F, Kudella S, Mildner H, Mozer MU, Muller T, Plagge M, Quast G, Rabbertz K, Schroder M, Shvetsov I, Sieber G, Simonis HJ, Ulrich R, Wayand S, Weber M, Weiler T, Williamson S, Wohrmann C, Wolf R, Anagnostou G, Daskalakis G, Geralis T, Giakoumopoulou VA, Kyriakis A, Loukas D, Topsis-Giotis I, Karathanasis G, Kesisoglou S, Panagiotou A, Saoulidou N, Kousouris K, Evangelou I, Foudas C, Kokkas P, Mallios S, Manthos N, Papadopoulos I, Paradas E, Strologas J, Triantis FA, Csanad M, Filipovic N, Pasztor G, Veres GI, Bencze G, Hajdu C, Horvath D, Hunyadi A, Sikler F, Veszpremi V, Zsigmond AJ, Beni N, Czellar S, Karancsi J, Makovec A, Molnar J, Szillasi Z, Bartok M, Raics P, Trocsanyi ZL, Ujvari B, Choudhury S, Komaragiri JR, Bahinipati S, Bhowmik S, Mal P, Mandal K, Nayak A, Sahoo DK, Sahoo N, Swain SK, Bansal S, Beri SB, Bhatnagar V, Chawla R, Dhingra N, Kalsi AK, Kaur A, Kaur M, Kumar R, Kumari P, Mehta A, Singh JB, Walia G, Bhardwaj A, Chauhan S, Choudhary BC, Garg RB, Keshri S, Kumar A, Kumar A, Malhotra S, Naimuddin M, Ranjan K, Shah A, Sharma R, Bhardwaj R, Bhattacharya R, Bhattacharya S, Bhawandeep U, Dey S, Dutt S, Dutta S, Ghosh S, Majumdar N, Modak A, Mondal K, Mukhopadhyay, Nandan S, Purohit A, Roy A, Roy D, Chowdhury SR, Sarkar S, Sharan M, Thakur S, Behera PK, Chudasama R, Dutta D, Jha V, Kumar V, Mohanty AK, Netrakanti PK, Pant LM, Shukla P, Topkar A, Aziz T, Dugad S, Mahakud B, Mitra S, Mohanty GB, Sur N, Sutar B, Banerjee S, Bhattacharya S, Chatterjee S, Das P, Guchait M, Jain S, Kumar S, Maity M, Majumder G, Mazumdar K, Sarkar T, Wickramage N, Chauhan S, Dube S, Hegde V, Kapoor A, Kothekar K, Pandey S, Rane A, Sharma S, Chenarani S, Tadavani EE, Etesami SM, Khakzad M, Najafabadi MM, Naseri M, Mehdiabadi SP, Hosseinabadi FR, Safarzadeh B, Zeinali M, Felcini M, Grunewald M, Abbrescia M, Calabria C, Colaleo A, Creanza D, Cristella L, De Filippis N, De Palma M, Errico F, Fiore L, Iaselli G, Lezki S, Maggi G, Maggi M, Miniello G, My S, Nuzzo S, Pompili A, Pugliese G, Radogna R, Ranieri A, Selvaggi G, Sharma A, Silvestris L, Venditti R, Verwilligen P, Abbiendi G, Battilana C, Bonacorsi D, Braibant-Giacomelli S, Campanini R, Capiluppi P, Castro A, Cavallo FR, Chhibra SS, Codispoti G, Cuffiani M, Dallavalle GM, Fabbri F, Fanfani A, Fasanella D, Giacomelli P, Grandi C, Guiducci L, Marcellini S, Masetti G, Montanari A, Navarria FL, Perrotta A, Rossi AM, Rovelli T, Siroli GP, Tosi N, Albergo S, Costa S, Di Mattia A, Giordano F, Potenza R, Tricomi A, Tuve C, Barbagli G, Chatterjee K, Ciulli V, Civinini C, D'Alessandro R, Focardi E, Lenzi P, Meschini M, Paoletti S, Russo L, Sguazzoni G, Strom D, Viliani L, Benussi L, Bianco S, Fabbri F, Piccolo D, Primavera F, Calvelli V, Ferro F, Robutti E, Tosi S, Benaglia A, Brianza L, Brivio F, Ciriolo V, Dinardo ME, Fiorendi S, Gennai S, Ghezzi A, Govoni P, Malberti M, Malvezzi S, Manzoni RA, Menasce D, Moroni L, Paganoni M, Pauwels K, Pedrini D, Pigazzini S, Ragazzi S, De Fatis TT, Buontempo S, Cavallo N, Di Guida S, Fabozzi F, Fienga F, Iorio AOM, Khan WA, Lista L, Meola S, Paolucci P, Sciacca C, Thyssen F, Azzi P, Bacchetta N, Benato L, Biasotto M, Boletti A, Carlin R, Checchia P, Dall'Osso M, Manzano PD, Dorigo T, Dosselli U, Gasparini F, Gasparini U, Gozzelino A, Lacaprara S, Margoni M, Meneguzzo AT, Michelotto M, Pozzobon N, Ronchese P, Rossin R, Simonetto F, Torassa E, Zanetti M, Zotto P, Zumerle G, Braghieri A, Magnani A, Montagna P, Ratti SP, Re V, Ressegotti M, Riccardi C, Salvini P, Vai I, Vitulo P, Solestizi LA, Biasini M, Bilei GM, Cecchi C, Ciangottini D, Fano L, Lariccia P, Leonardi R, Manoni E, Mantovani G, Mariani V, Menichelli M, Rossi A, Santocchia A, Spiga D, Androsov K, Azzurri P, Bagliesi G, Bernardini J, Boccali T, Borrello L, Castaldi R, Ciocci MA, Dell'Orso R, Fedi G, Giannini L, Giassi A, Grippo MT, Ligabue F, Lomtadze T, Manca E, Mandorli G, Martini L, Messineo A, Palla F, Rizzi A, Savoy-Navarro A, Spagnolo P, Tenchini R, Tonelli G, Venturi A, Verdini PG, Barone L, Cavallari F, Cipriani M, Daci N, Del Re D, Di Marco E, Diemoz M, Gelli S, Longo E, Margaroli F, Marzocchi B, Meridiani P, Organtini G, Paramatti R, Preiato F, Rahatlou S, Rovelli C, Santanastasio F, Amapane N, Arcidiacono R, Argiro S, Arneodo M, Bartosik N, Bellan R, Biino C, Cartiglia N, Cenna F, Costa M, Covarelli R, Degano A, Demaria N, Kiani B, Mariotti C, Maselli S, Migliore E, Monaco V, Monteil E, Monteno M, Obertino MM, Pacher L, Pastrone N, Pelliccioni M, Angioni GLP, Ravera F, Romero A, Ruspa M, Sacchi R, Shchelina K, Sola V, Solano A, Staiano A, Traczyk P, Belforte S, Casarsa M, Cossutti F, Della Ricca G, Zanetti A, Kim DH, Kim GN, Kim MS, Lee J, Lee S, Lee SW, Moon CS, Oh YD, Sekmen S, Son DC, Yang YC, Lee A, Kim H, Moon DH, Oh G, Cifuentes JAB, Goh J, Kim TJ, Cho S, Choi S, Go Y, Gyun D, Ha S, Hong B, Jo Y, Kim Y, Lee K, Lee KS, Lee S, Lim J, Park SK, Roh Y, Almond J, Kim J, Kim JS, Lee H, Lee K, Nam K, Oh SB, Radburn-Smith BC, Seo SH, Yang UK, Yoo HD, Yu GB, Choi M, Kim H, Kim JH, Lee JSH, Park IC, Choi Y, Hwang C, Lee J, Yu I, Dudenas V, Juodagalvis A, Vaitkus J, Ahmed I, Ibrahim ZA, Ali MABM, Idris FM, Abdullah WATW, Yusli MN, Zolkapli Z, Duran-Osuna MC, Castilla-Valdez H, De la 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Probing the chiral magnetic wave in pPb and PbPb collisions at root S-NN=5.02 TeV using charge-dependent azimuthal anisotropies

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 2019 DEC 18; 100(6):? Article 064908
Charge-dependent anisotropy Fourier coefficients (v(n)) of particle azimuthal distributions are measured in pPb and PbPb collisions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The normalized difference in the second-order anisotropy coefficients (v(2)) between positively and negatively charged particles is found to depend linearly on the observed event charge asymmetry with comparable slopes for both pPb and PbPb collisions over a wide range of charged particle multiplicity. In PbPb, the third-order anisotropy coefficient v(3) shows a similar linear dependence with the same slope as seen for v(2). The observed similarities between the v(2) slopes for pPb and PbPb, as well as the similar slopes for v(2) and v(3) in PbPb, are compatible with expectations based on local charge conservation in the decay of clusters or resonances, and constitute a challenge to the hypothesis that, at LHC energies, the observed charge asymmetry dependence of v(2) in heavy ion collisions arises from a chiral magnetic wave.
Butelman ER, Chen CY, Brown KG, Kreek MJ
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Escalation of drug use in persons dually diagnosed with opioid and cocaine dependence: Gender comparison and dimensional predictors

DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE 2019 DEC 1; 205(?):? Article UNSP 107657
Background: Persons dually diagnosed with opioid and cocaine dependence (OD + CD) present a clinical challenge and are at risk of morbidity and mortality. The time of escalation of heroin and cocaine exposure in persons with OD + CD remain understudied, and the influence of gender and other variables have not been examined. This observational study focused on the time of escalation of heroin and cocaine in volunteers with OD + CD, examining gender and exposure to other drugs (e.g., cannabis or alcohol) as predictors. Ages of first use and of onset of heaviest use of each drug were collected (in whole years). Time of escalation was defined as the interval between age of first use and onset of heaviest use. Volunteers: sequentially ascertained adult volunteers recruited from the New York Metropolitan area, of which n = 297 were diagnosed with OD + CD. Methods: Instruments administered were the SCID-I diagnostic interview (DSM-IV criteria), BIS-11 impulsiveness scale, and KMSK scales, dimensional measures of maximal exposure to specific drugs. Results: In volunteers with OD + CD, ages of onset of heaviest use of cannabis (median age = 15) and alcohol (median age = 19) were in adolescence or emerging adulthood and preceded those for heroin and cocaine (median ages = 26 and 25, respectively). Maximal levels of cannabis and alcohol exposure were high, in volunteers with OD + CD. In adjusted Cox regressions, gender was not a significant predictor of time of heroin or cocaine escalation. However, more rapid time of alcohol escalation was a predictor of more rapid time of escalation of both heroin and cocaine, in volunteers with OD + CD.
Weber R, Birsoy K
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The Transsulfuration Pathway Makes, the Tumor Takes

CELL METABOLISM 2019 NOV 5; 30(5):845-846
Cells can take up cysteine or synthesize it de novo from methionine, but synthesis alone does not meet the high demands of cancer cells to proliferate. In this issue, Zhu et al. (2019) identify the SAH:SAM ratio, indicative of the cellular methylation state, as limiting for effective cysteine synthesis and the growth of some tumors.