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Found 34783 matches. Displaying 1-10
Galea S, Vaughan R
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On Choosing the Right Starting Question: A Public Health of Consequence, August 2019

Munoz E
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Canal shaping with a reciprocating system is easy to learn

Aim To assess progressive learning of root canal shaping in order to
Wang XY
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C9orf72 and triplet repeat disorder RNAs: G-quadruplex formation,

RNA 2019 AUG; 25(8):935-947
Some neurological disorders, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Hawkes JE
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Impact of Online Prescription Management Systems on Biologic Treatment

ADVANCES IN THERAPY 2019 AUG; 36(8):2021-2033
IntroductionPharmaceutical firms have begun offering online prescription
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Chaperoning RPA during DNA metabolism

CURRENT GENETICS 2019 AUG; 65(4):857-864
Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) is widely generated during DNA metabolisms
Munch NS
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High-Fat Diet Accelerates Carcinogenesis in a Mouse Model of Barrett's

GASTROENTEROLOGY 2019 AUG; 157(2):492-506.e2
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a precursor to esophageal
Brunner PM, He H, Pavel AB, Czarnowicki T, Lefferdink R, Erickson T, Canter T, Puar N, Rangel SM, Malik K, Estrada Y, Krueger JG, Guttman-Yassky E, Paller AS
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The blood proteomic signature of early-onset pediatric atopic dermatitis shows systemic inflammation and is distinct from adult long-standing disease

Background: Despite increasing evidence that adults with long-standing atopic dermatitis (AD) have systemic inflammation, little is known about systemic inflammation in recent-onset early pediatric AD. Objective: To analyze blood inflammatory proteins of early pediatric AD. Methods: Using high-throughput proteomics (proximity extension assay), we assessed 257 inflammatory and cardiovascular risk proteins in the blood of 30 children with moderate to severe AD younger than 5 years of age (within 6 months of onset) compared with age-matched pediatric control individuals and adult patients with AD. Results: In pediatric AD blood, T helper (Th) type 2 (CCL13, CCL22) and Th17 (peptidase inhibitor-3/elafin) markers were increased, together with markers of tissue remodeling (matrix metalloproteinases 3/9/10, urokinase receptor), endothelial activation (E-selectin), T-cell activation (IL2RA), neutrophil activation (myeloperoxidase), lipid metabolism (FABP4), and growth factors (FGF21, transforming growth factor-alpha). Total numbers of dysregulated proteins were smaller in pediatric AD (n = 22) than in adult AD (n = 61). Clinical severity scores were positively correlated with receptors for interleukins 33 and 36 and inversely correlated with some Th1 markers (interferon gamma, CXCL11). Limitations: Different baseline expression levels in healthy pediatric vs adult samples. Conclusions: Within months of pediatric AD onset, systemic immune activation is present, with Th2/Th17 skewing but otherwise different proteomic patterns from adult AD. Future correlation of proteomic patterns with disease course, comorbidity development, and drug response may yield predictive biomarkers.
Cao CK, Oswald AB, Fabella BA, Ren YS, Rodriguiz R, Trainor G, Greenblatt MB, Hilton MJ, Pitt GS
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The Ca(v)1.2 L-type calcium channel regulates bone homeostasis in the middle and inner ear

BONE 2019 AUG; 125(?):160-168
Bone remodeling of the auditory ossicles and the otic capsule is highly restricted and tightly controlled by the osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)/receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) system. In these bony structures, a pathological decrease in OPG expression stimulates osteoclast differentiation and excessive resorption followed by accrual of sclerotic bone, ultimately resulting in the development of otosclerosis, a leading cause of deafness in adults. Understanding the signaling pathways involved in maintaining OPG expression in the ear would shed light on the pathophysiology of otosclerosis and other ear bone-related diseases. We and others previously demonstrated that Ca2+ signaling through the L-type Ca(v)1.2 Ca2+ channel positively regulates OPG expression and secretion in long bone osteoblasts and their precursor cells in vitro and in vivo. Whether Cav1.2 regulates OPG expression in ear bones has not been investigated. We drove expression of a gain-of-function Ca(v)1.2 mutant channel (Ca(v)1.2(TS)) using Col2a1-Cre, which we found to target osteochondral/osteoblast progenitors in the auditory ossicles and the otic capsule. Col2a1-Cre;Ca-v1.2(TS) mice displayed osteopetrosis of these bones shown by mu CT 3D reconstruction, histological analysis, and lack of bone sculpting, findings similar to phenotypes seen in mice with an osteoclast defect. Consistent with those observations, we found that Co/2a1-Cre;Ca(v)1.2(TS) mutant mice showed reduced osteoclasts in the otic capsule, upregulated mRNA expression of Opg and Opg/Rankl ratio, and increased mRNA expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes in the otic capsule, suggesting both an anti-catabolic and anabolic effect of Ca(v)1.2(TS) mutant channel contributed to the observed morphological changes of the ear bones. Further, we found that Col2a1-Cre;Ca(v)1.2(TS) mice experienced hearing loss and displayed defects of body balance in behavior tests, confirming that the Ca(v)1.2-dependent Ca2+ influx affects bone structure in the ear and consequent hearing and vestibular functions. Together, these data support our hypothesis that Ca2+ (i)nflux through Ca(v)1.2(TS) promotes OPG expression from osteoblasts, thereby affecting bone modeling/remodeling in the auditory ossicles and the otic capsule. These data provide insight into potential pathological mechanisms underlying perturbed OPG expression and otosclerosis.
Weber E, Buzovetsky O, Heston L, Yu KP, Knecht KM, El-Guindy A, Miller G, Xiong Y
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A Noncanonical Basic Motif of Epstein-Barr Virus ZEBRA Protein Facilitates Recognition of Methylated DNA, High-Affinity DNA Binding, and Lytic Activation

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY 2019 JUL; 93(14):? Article e00724-19
The pathogenesis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, including development of lymphomas and carcinomas, is dependent on the ability of the virus to transit from latency to the lytic phase. This conversion, and ultimately disease development, depends on the molecular switch protein, ZEBRA, a viral bZIP transcription factor that initiates transcription from promoters of viral lytic genes. By binding to the origin of viral replication, ZEBRA is also an essential replication protein. Here, we identified a novel DNA-binding motif of ZEBRA, N terminal to the canonical bZIP domain. This RRTRK motif is important for high-affinity binding to DNA and is essential for recognizing the methylation state of viral promoters. Mutations in this motif lead to deficiencies in DNA binding, recognition of DNA methylation, lytic cycle DNA replication, and viral late gene expression. This work advances our understanding of ZEBRA-dependent activation of the viral lytic cascade. IMPORTANCE The binding of ZEBRA to methylated and unmethylated viral DNA triggers activation of the EBV lytic cycle, leading to viral replication and, in some patients, cancer development. Our work thoroughly examines how ZEBRA uses a previously unrecognized basic motif to bind nonmethylated and methylated DNA targets, leading to viral lytic activation. Our findings show that two different positively charged motifs, including the canonical BZIP domain and a newly identified RRTRK motif, contribute to the mechanism of DNA recognition by a viral AP-1 protein. This work contributes to the assessment of ZEBRA as a potential therapeutic target for antiviral and oncolytic treatments.
Zhang P
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SeqTailor: a user-friendly webserver for the extraction of DNA or

Human whole-genome-sequencing reveals about 4 000 000 genomic variants