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Schneeberger M
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Regulation of Energy Expenditure by Brainstem GABA Neurons

CELL 2019 JUL 25; 178(3):672-685.e12
Homeostatic control of core body temperature is essential for survival.
Weber E, Buzovetsky O, Heston L, Yu KP, Knecht KM, El-Guindy A, Miller G, Xiong Y
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A Noncanonical Basic Motif of Epstein-Barr Virus ZEBRA Protein Facilitates Recognition of Methylated DNA, High-Affinity DNA Binding, and Lytic Activation

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY 2019 JUL; 93(14):? Article e00724-19
The pathogenesis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, including development of lymphomas and carcinomas, is dependent on the ability of the virus to transit from latency to the lytic phase. This conversion, and ultimately disease development, depends on the molecular switch protein, ZEBRA, a viral bZIP transcription factor that initiates transcription from promoters of viral lytic genes. By binding to the origin of viral replication, ZEBRA is also an essential replication protein. Here, we identified a novel DNA-binding motif of ZEBRA, N terminal to the canonical bZIP domain. This RRTRK motif is important for high-affinity binding to DNA and is essential for recognizing the methylation state of viral promoters. Mutations in this motif lead to deficiencies in DNA binding, recognition of DNA methylation, lytic cycle DNA replication, and viral late gene expression. This work advances our understanding of ZEBRA-dependent activation of the viral lytic cascade. IMPORTANCE The binding of ZEBRA to methylated and unmethylated viral DNA triggers activation of the EBV lytic cycle, leading to viral replication and, in some patients, cancer development. Our work thoroughly examines how ZEBRA uses a previously unrecognized basic motif to bind nonmethylated and methylated DNA targets, leading to viral lytic activation. Our findings show that two different positively charged motifs, including the canonical BZIP domain and a newly identified RRTRK motif, contribute to the mechanism of DNA recognition by a viral AP-1 protein. This work contributes to the assessment of ZEBRA as a potential therapeutic target for antiviral and oncolytic treatments.
Zhang P
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SeqTailor: a user-friendly webserver for the extraction of DNA or

NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH 2019 JUL 2; 47(W1):W623-W631
Human whole-genome-sequencing reveals about 4 000 000 genomic variants
Orange DE, Agius P, DiCarlo EF, Mirza SZ, Pannellini T, Szymonifka J, Jiang CS, Figgie MP, Frank MO, Robinson WH, Donlin LT, Rozo C, Gravallese EM, Bykerk VP, Goodman SM
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Histologic and Transcriptional Evidence of Subclinical Synovial Inflammation in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis in Clinical Remission

ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATOLOGY 2019 JUL; 71(7):1034-1041
Objective Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission may have subclinical synovial inflammation. This study was undertaken to determine the proportion of patients with RA in remission or with low disease activity at the time of arthroplasty who had histologic or transcriptional evidence of synovitis, and to identify clinical features that distinguished patients as having subclinical synovitis. Methods We compared Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) to synovial histologic features in 135 patients with RA undergoing arthroplasty. We also compared DAS28 scores to RNA-Seq data in a subset of 35 patients. Results Fourteen percent of patients met DAS28 criteria for clinical remission (DAS28 <2.6), and another 15% met criteria for low disease activity (DAS28 <3.2). Histologic analysis of synovium revealed synovitis in 27% and 31% of samples from patients in remission and patients with low disease activity, respectively. Patients with low disease activity and synovitis also exhibited increased C-reactive protein (CRP) (P = 0.0006) and increased anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody levels (P = 0.03) compared to patients without synovitis. Compared to patients with a "low inflammatory synovium" subtype, 183 genes were differentially expressed in the synovium of patients with subclinical synovitis. The majority of these genes (86%) were also differentially expressed in the synovium of patients with clinically active disease (DAS28 >= 3.2). Conclusion Thirty-one percent of patients with low clinical disease activity exhibited histologic evidence of subclinical synovitis, which was associated with increased CRP and anti-CCP levels. Our findings suggest that synovial gene expression signatures of clinical synovitis are present in patients with subclinical synovitis.
Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, Brondolin E, Dragicevic M, Ero J, Del Valle AE, Flechl M, Friedl M, Fruhwirth R, Ghete VM, Grossmann J, Hrubec J, Jeitler M, Konig A, Krammer N, Kratschmer I, Liko D, Madlener T, Mikulec I, Pree E, Rad N, Rohringer H, Schieck J, Schofbeck R, Spanring M, Spitzbart D, Taurok A, Waltenberger W, Wittmann J, Wulz CE, Zarucki M, Chekhovsky V, Mossolov V, Gonzalez JS, De Wolf EA, Di Croce D, Janssen X, Lauwers J, Pieters M, Van de Klundert M, Van Haevermaet H, Van Mechelen P, Van Remortel N, Abu Zeid S, Blekman F, D'Hondt J, De Bruyn I, De Clercq J, Deroover K, Flouris G, Lontkovskyi D, Lowette S, Marchesini I, Moortgat S, Moreels L, Python Q, Skovpen K, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Mulders P, Van Parijs I, Beghin D, Bilin B, Brun H, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Delannoy H, Dorney B, Fasanella G, Favart L, Goldouzian R, Grebenyuk A, Kalsi AK, Lenzi T, Luetic J, Maerschalk T, Seva T, Starling E, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Vannerom D, Yonamine R, Zenoni F, Cornelis T, Dobur D, Fagot A, Gul M, Khvastunov I, Poyraz D, Roskas C, Trocino D, Tytgat M, Verbeke W, Vit M, Zaganidis N, Bakhshiansohi H, Bondu O, Brochet S, Bruno G, Caputo C, Caudron A, David P, De Visscher S, Delaere C, Delcourt M, Francois B, Giammanco A, Krintiras G, Lemaitre V, Magitteri A, Mertens A, Musich M, Piotrzkowski K, Quertenmont L, Saggio A, Marono MV, Wertz S, Zobec J, Alda WL, Alves FL, Alves GA, Brito L, Silva GC, Hensel C, Moraes A, Pol ME, Teles PR, Das Chagas EBB, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Coelho E, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, Damiao DD, De Souza SF, Guativa LMH, Malbouisson H, De Almeida MM, Herrera CM, Mundim L, Nogima H, Rosas LJS, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Manganote EJT, De Araujo FTD, Pereira AV, Ahuja S, Bernardes CA, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Abad DR, Vargas JCR, Aleksandrov A, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Marinov A, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Fang W, Gao X, Yuan L, Ahmad M, Bian JG, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Chen Y, Jiang CH, Leggat D, Liao H, Liu Z, Romeo F, Shaheen SM, Spiezia A, Tao J, Wang C, Wang Z, Yazgan E, Zhang H, Zhao J, Ban Y, Chen G, Li J, Li Q, Liu S, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Wang D, Xu Z, Wang Y, Avila C, Cabrera A, Sierra LFC, Florez C, Hernandez CFG, Alvarez JDR, Delgado MAS, Courbon B, Godinovic N, Lelas D, Puljak I, Cipriano PMR, Sculac T, Antunovic Z, Kovac M, Brigljevic V, Ferencek D, Kadija K, Mesic B, Starodumov A, Susa T, Ather MW, Attikis A, Mavromanolakis G, Mousa J, Nicolaou C, Ptochos F, Razis PA, Rykaczewski H, Finger M, Finger M, Ayala E, Jarrin EC, Abdelalim AA, Assran Y, Elgammal S, Bhowmik S, Dewanjee RK, Kadastik M, Perrini L, Raidal M, Veelken C, Eerola P, Kirschenmann H, Pekkanen J, Voutilainen M, Havukainen J, Heikkila JK, Jarvinen T, Karimaki V, Kinnunen R, Lampen T, Lassila-Perini K, Laurila S, Lehti S, Linden T, Luukka P, Maenpaa T, Siikonen H, Tuominen E, Tuominiemi J, Tuuva T, Besancon M, Couderc F, Dejardin M, Denegri D, Faure JL, Ferri F, Ganjour S, Ghosh S, Givernaud A, Gras P, de Monchenault GH, Jarry P, Leloup C, Locci E, Machet M, Malcles J, Negro G, Rander J, Rosowsky A, Sahin MO, Titov M, Abdulsalam A, Amendola C, Antropov I, Baffioni S, Beaudette F, Busson P, Cadamuro L, Charlot C, de Cassagnac RG, Jo M, Kucher I, Lisniak S, Lobanov A, Blanco JM, Nguyen M, Ochando C, Ortona G, Paganini P, Pigard P, Salerno R, Sauvan JB, Sirois Y, Leiton AGS, Yilmaz Y, Zabi A, Zghiche A, Agram JL, Andrea J, Bloch D, Brom JM, Buttignol M, Chabert EC, Collard C, Conte E, Coubez X, Drouhin F, Fontaine JC, Gele D, Goerlach U, Jansova M, Juillot P, Le Bihan AC, Tonon N, Van Hove P, Gadrat S, Beauceron S, Bernet C, Boudoul G, Chanon N, Chierici R, Contardo D, Depasse P, El Mamouni H, Fay J, Finco L, Gascon S, Gouzevitch M, Grenier G, Ille B, Lagarde F, Laktineh IB, Lethuillier M, Mirabito L, Pequegnot AL, Perries S, Popov A, Sordini V, Vander Donckt M, Viret S, Zhang S, Khvedelidze A, Lomidze D, Autermann C, Feld L, Kiesel MK, Klein K, Lipinski M, Preuten M, Schomakers C, Schulz J, Teroerde M, Wittmer B, Zhukov V, Albert A, Duchardt D, Endres M, Erdmann M, Erdweg S, Esch T, Fischer R, Guth A, Hebbeker T, Heidemann C, Hoepfner K, Knutzen S, Merschmeyer M, Meyer A, Millet P, Mukherjee S, Pook T, Radziej M, Reithler H, Rieger M, Scheuch F, Teyssier D, Thuer S, Flugge G, Kargoll B, Kress T, Kunsken A, Muller T, Nehrkorn A, Nowack A, Pistone C, Pooth O, Stahl A, Martin MA, Arndt T, Asawatangtrakuldee C, Beernaert K, Behnke O, Behrens U, Martinez AB, Bin Anuar AA, Borras K, Botta V, Campbell A, Connor P, Contreras-Campana C, Costanza F, Pardos CD, Eckerlin G, Eckstein D, Eichhorn T, Eren E, Gallo E, Garcia JG, Geiser A, Luyando JMG, Grohsjean A, Gunnellini P, Guthoff M, Harb A, Hauk J, Hempel M, Jung H, Kasemann M, Keaveney J, Kleinwort C, Korol I, Krucker D, Lange W, Lelek A, Lenz T, Lipka K, Lohmann W, Mankel R, Melzer-Pellmann IA, Meyer AB, Missiroli M, Mittag G, Mnich J, Mussgiller A, Pitzl D, Raspereza A, Savitskyi M, Saxena P, Shevchenko R, Stefaniuk N, Tholen H, Van Onsem GP, Walsh R, Wen Y, Wichmann K, Wissing C, Zenaiev O, Aggleton R, Bein S, Blobel V, Vignali MC, Dreyer T, Garutti E, Gonzalez D, Haller J, Hinzmann A, Hoffmann M, Karavdina A, Kasieczka G, Klanner R, Kogler R, Kovalchuk N, Kurz S, Marconi D, Meyer M, Niedziela M, Nowatschin D, Peiffer T, Perieanu A, Scharf C, Schleper P, Schmidt A, Schumann S, Schwandt J, Sonneveld J, Stadie H, Steinbruck G, Stober FM, Stover M, Troendle D, Usai E, Vanhoefer A, Vormwald B, Akbiyik M, Barth C, Baselga M, Baur S, Butz E, Caspart R, Chwalek T, Colombo F, De Boer W, Dierlamm A, Faltermann N, Freund B, Friese R, Giffels M, Harrendorf MA, Hartmann F, Heindl SM, Husemann U, Kassel F, Kudella S, Mildner H, Mozer MU, Muller T, Plagge M, Quast G, Rabbertz K, Schroder M, Shvetsov I, Sieber G, Simonis HJ, Ulrich R, Wayand S, Weber M, Weiler T, Williamson S, Woehrmann C, Wolf R, Anagnostou G, Daskalakis G, Geralis T, Kyriakis A, Loukas D, Topsis-Giotis I, Karathanasis G, Kesisoglou S, Panagiotou A, Saoulidou N, Tziaferi E, Kousouris K, Evangelou I, Foudas C, Gianneios P, Katsoulis P, Kokkas P, Mallios S, Manthos N, Papadopoulos I, Paradas E, Strologas J, Triantis FA, Tsitsonis D, Csanad M, Filipovic N, Pasztor G, Suranyi O, Veres GI, Bencze G, Hajdu C, Horvath D, Hunyadi A, Sikler F, Veszpremi V, Vesztergombi G, Beni N, Czellar S, Karancsi J, Makovec A, Molnar J, Szillasi Z, Bartok M, Raics P, Trocsanyi ZL, Ujvari B, Choudhury S, Komaragiri JR, Bahinipati S, Mal P, Mandal K, Nayak A, Sahoo DK, Sahoo N, Swain SK, Bansal S, Beri SB, Bhatnagar V, Chawla R, Dhingra N, Kaur A, Kaur M, Kaur S, Kumar R, Kumari P, Mehta A, Singh JB, Walia G, Kumar A, Shah A, Bhardwaj A, Chauhan S, Choudhary BC, Garg RB, Keshri S, Kumar A, Malhotra S, Naimuddin M, Ranjan K, Sharma R, Bhardwaj R, Bhattacharya R, Bhattacharya S, Bhawandeep U, Bhowmik D, Dey S, Dutt S, Dutta S, Ghosh S, Majumdar N, Modak A, Mondal K, Mukhopadhyay S, Nandan S, Purohit A, Rout PK, Roy A, Chowdhury SR, Sarkar S, Sharan M, Singh B, Thakur S, Behera PK, Chudasama R, Dutta D, Jha V, Kumar V, Mohanty AK, Netrakanti PK, Pant LM, Shukla P, Topkar A, Aziz T, Dugad S, Mahakud B, Mitra S, Mohanty GB, Sur N, Sutar B, Banerjee S, Bhattacharya S, Chatterjee S, Das P, Guchait M, Jain S, Kumar S, Maity M, Majumder G, Mazumdar K, Sarkar T, Wickramage N, Chauhan S, Dube S, Hegde V, Kapoor A, Kothekar K, Pandey S, Rane A, Sharma S, Chenarani S, Tadavani EE, Etesami SM, Khakzad M, Najafabadi MM, Naseri M, Mehdiabadi SP, Hosseinabadi FR, Safarzadeh B, Zeinali M, Felcini M, Grunewald M, Abbrescia M, Calabria C, Colaleo A, Creanza D, Cristella L, De Filippis N, De Palma M, Di Florio A, Errico F, Fiore L, Iaselli G, Lezki S, Maggi G, Maggi M, Marangelli B, Miniello G, My S, Nuzzo S, Pompili A, Pugliese G, Radogna R, Ranieri A, Selvaggi G, Sharma A, Silvestris L, Venditti R, Verwilligen P, Zito G, Abbiendi G, Battilana C, Bonacorsi D, Borgonovi L, Braibant-Giacomelli S, Campanini R, Capiluppi P, Castro A, Cavallo FR, Chhibra SS, Codispoti G, Cuffiani M, Dallavalle GM, Fabbri F, Fanfani A, Fasanella D, Giacomelli P, Grandi C, Guiducci L, Iemmi F, Marcellini S, Masetti G, Montanari A, Navarria FL, Perrotta A, Rossi AM, Rovelli T, Siroli GP, Tosi N, Albergo S, Costa S, Di Mattia A, Giordano F, Potenza R, Tricomi A, Tuve C, Barbagli G, Chatterjee K, Ciulli V, Civinini C, D'Alessandro R, Focardi E, Latino G, Lenzi P, Meschini M, Paoletti S, Russo L, Sguazzoni G, Strom D, Viliani L, Benussi L, Bianco S, Fabbri F, Piccolo D, Primavera F, Calvelli V, Ferro F, Ravera F, Robutti E, Tosi S, Benaglia A, Beschi A, Brianza L, Brivio F, Ciriolo V, Dinardo ME, Fiorendi S, Gennai S, Ghezzi A, Govoni P, Malberti M, Malvezzi S, Manzoni RA, Menasce D, Moroni L, Paganoni M, Pauwels K, Pedrini D, Pigazzini S, Ragazzi S, de Fatis TT, Buontempo S, Cavallo N, Di Guida S, Fabozzi F, Fienga F, Iorio AOM, Khan WA, Lista L, Meola S, Paolucci P, Sciacca C, Thyssen F, Azzi P, Bacchetta N, Benato L, Bisello D, Boletti A, Carlin R, De Oliveira ACA, Checchia P, Dall'Osso M, Manzano PD, Dorigo T, Dosselli U, Gasparini U, Gozzelino A, Lacaprara S, Lujan P, Margoni M, Meneguzzo AT, Pozzobon N, Ronchese P, Rossin R, Simonetto F, Tiko A, Torassa E, Zanetti M, Zotto P, Zumerle G, Braghieri A, Magnani A, Montagna P, Ratti SP, Re V, Ressegotti M, Riccardi C, Salvini P, Vai I, Vitulo P, Solestizi LA, Biasini M, Bilei GM, Cecchi C, Ciangottini D, Fano L, Lariccia P, Leonardi R, Manoni E, Mantovani G, Mariani V, Menichelli M, Rossi A, Santocchia A, Spiga D, Androsov K, Azzurri P, Bagliesi G, Bianchini L, Boccali T, Borrello L, Castaldi R, Ciocci MA, Dell'Orso R, Fedi G, Giannini L, Giassi A, Grippo MT, Ligabue F, Lomtadze T, Manca E, Mandorli G, Messineo A, Palla F, Rizzi A, Spagnolo P, Tenchini R, Tonelli G, Venturi A, Verdini PG, Barone L, Cavallari F, Cipriani M, Daci N, Del Re D, Di Marco E, Diemoz M, Gelli S, Longo E, Margaroli F, Marzocchi B, Meridiani P, Organtini G, Paramatti R, Preiato F, Rahatlou S, Rovelli C, Santanastasio F, Amapane N, Arcidiacono R, Argiro S, Arneodo M, Bartosik N, Bellan R, Biino C, Cartiglia N, Castello R, Cenna F, Costa M, Covarelli R, Degano A, Demaria N, Kiani B, Mariotti C, Maselli S, Migliore AE, Monaco V, Monteil E, Monteno M, Obertino MM, Pacher L, Pastrone N, Pelliccioni M, Angioni GLP, Romero A, Ruspa M, Sacchi R, Shchelina K, Sola V, Solano A, Staiano A, Traczyk P, Belforte S, Casarsa M, Cossutti F, Della Ricca G, Zanetti A, Kim DH, Kim GN, Kim MS, Lee J, Lee S, Lee SW, Moon CS, Oh YD, Sekmen S, Son DC, Yang YC, Kim H, Moon DH, Oh G, Cifuentes JAB, Goh J, Kim TJ, Cho S, Choi S, Go Y, Gyun D, Ha S, Hong B, Jo Y, Kim Y, Lee K, Lee KS, Lee S, Lim J, Park SK, Roh Y, Kim HS, Almond J, Kim J, Kim JS, Lee H, Lee K, Nam K, Oh SB, Radburn-Smith BC, Seo SH, Yang UK, Yoo HD, Yu GB, Kim H, Kim JH, Lee JSH, Park IC, Choi Y, Hwang C, Lee J, Yu I, Dudenas V, Juodagalvis A, Vaitkus J, Ahmed I, Ibrahim ZA, Ali MABM, Idris FM, Abdullah WATW, Yusli MN, Zolkapli Z, Benitez JF, Hernandez AC, Quijada JAM, Reyes-Almanza R, Ramirez-Sanchez G, Duran-Osuna MC, Castilla-Valdez H, De la Cruz-Burelo E, Heredia-De La Cruz I, Rabadan-Trejo RI, Lopez-Fernandez R, Guisao JM, Sanchez-Hernandez A, Moreno SC, Barrera CO, Valencia FV, Eysermans J, Pedraza I, Ibarguen HAS, Estrada CU, Pineda AM, Krofcheck D, Butler PH, Ahmad A, Ahmad M, Hassan Q, Hoorani HR, Saddique A, Shah MA, Shoaib M, Waqas M, Bialkowska H, Bluj M, Boimska B, Frueboes T, Gorski M, Kazana M, Nawrocki K, Szleper M, Zalewski P, Bunkowski K, Byszuk A, Doroba K, Kalinowski A, Konecki M, Krolikowski J, Misiura M, Olszewski M, Pyskir A, Walczak M, Bargassa P, Silva CBDE, Di Francesco A, Faccioli P, Galinhas B, Gallinaro M, Hollar J, Leonardo N, Iglesias LL, Nemallapudi MV, Seixas J, Strong G, Toldaiev O, Vadruccio D, Varela J, Afanasiev S, Bunin P, Gavrilenko M, Golutvin I, Gorbunov I, Kamenev A, Karjavin V, Lanev A, Malakhov A, Matveev V, Moisenz P, Palichik V, Perelygin V, Shmatov S, Shulha S, Skatchkov N, Smirnov V, Voytishin N, Zarubin A, Ivanov Y, Kim V, Kuznetsova E, Levchenko P, Murzin V, Oreshkin V, Smirnov I, Sosnov D, Sulimov V, Uvarov L, Vavilov S, Vorobyev A, Andreev Y, Dermenev A, Gninenko S, Golubev N, Karneyeu A, Kirsanov M, Krasnikov N, Pashenkov A, Tlisov D, Toropin A, Epshteyn V, Gavrilov V, Lychkovskaya N, Popov V, Pozdnyakov I, Safronov G, Spiridonov A, Stepennov A, Stolin V, Toms M, Vlasov E, Zhokin A, Aushev T, Bylinkin A, Chistov R, Danilov M, Parygin P, Philippov D, Polikarpov S, Tarkovskii E, Andreev V, Azarkin M, Dremin I, Kirakosyan M, Rusakov SV, Terkulov A, Baskakov A, Belyaev A, Boos E, Dubinin M, Dudko L, Ershov A, Gribushin A, Klyukhin V, Kodolova O, Lokhtin I, Miagkov I, Obraztsov S, Petrushanko S, Savrin V, Snigirev A, Blinov V, Shtol D, Skovpen Y, Azhgirey I, Bayshev I, Bitioukov S, Elumakhov D, Godizov A, Kachanov V, Kalinin A, Konstantinov D, Mandrik P, Petrov V, Ryutin R, Sobol A, Troshin S, Tyurin N, Uzunian A, Volkov A, Babaev A, Adzic P, Cirkovic P, Devetak D, Dordevic M, Milosevic J, Maestre JA, Bachiller I, Luna MB, Cerrada M, Colino N, De la Cruz B, Peris AD, Bedoya CF, Ramos JPF, Flix J, Fouz MC, Lopez OG, Lopez SG, Hernandez JM, Josa MI, Moran D, Yzquierdo APC, Pelayo JP, Redondo I, Romero L, Soares MS, Triossi A, Fernandez AA, Albajar C, de Troconiz JF, Cuevas J, Erice C, Menendez JF, Folgueras S, Caballero IG, Fernandez JRG, Cortezon EP, Cruz SS, Vischia P, Garcia JMV, Cabrillo IJ, Calderon A, Quero BC, Campderros JD, Fernandez M, Manteca PJF, Garcia-Ferrero J, Alonso AG, Gomez G, Virto AL, Marco J, Rivero CM, del Arbol PMR, Matorras F, Gomez JP, Prieels C, Rodrigo T, Ruiz-Jimeno A, Scodellaro L, Trevisani N, Vila I, Cortabitarte RV, Abbaneo D, Akgun B, Auffray E, Baillon P, Ball AH, Barney D, Bendavid J, Bianco M, Bocci A, Botta C, Camporesi T, Cepeda M, Cerminara G, Chapon E, Chen Y, d'Enterria D, Dabrowski A, Daponte V, David A, De Gruttola M, De Roeck A, Deelen N, Dobson M, du Pree T, Dunser M, Dupont N, Elliott-Peisert A, Everaerts P, Fallavollita F, Franzoni G, Fulcher J, Funk W, Gigi D, Gilbert A, Gill K, Glege F, Gulhan D, Hegeman J, Innocente V, Jafari A, Janot P, Karacheban O, Kieseler J, Knunz V, Kornmayer A, Kortelainen MJ, Krammer M, Lange C, Lecoq P, Lourenco C, Lucchini MT, Malgeri L, Mannelli M, Martelli A, Meijers F, Merlin JA, Mersi S, Meschi E, Milenovic P, Moortgat F, Mulders M, Neugebauer H, Ngadiuba J, Orfanelli S, Orsini L, Pantaleo F, Pape L, Perez E, Peruzzi M, Petrilli A, Petrucciani G, Pfeiffer A, Pierini M, Pitters FM, Rabady D, Racz A, Reis T, Rolandi G, Rovere M, Sakulin H, Schafer C, Schwick C, Seidel M, Selvaggi M, Sharma A, Silva P, Sphicas P, Stakia A, Steggemann J, Stoye M, Tosi M, Treille D, Tsirou A, Veckalns V, Verweij M, Zeuner WD, Bertl W, Caminada L, Deiters K, Erdmann W, Horisberger R, Ingram Q, Kaestli HC, Kotlinski D, Langenegger U, Rohe T, Wiederkehr SA, Backhaus M, Bani L, Berger P, Casal B, Dissertori G, Dittmar M, Donega M, Dorfer C, Grab C, Heidegger C, Hits D, Hoss J, Klijnsma T, Lustermann W, Mangano B, Marionneau M, Meinhard MT, Meister D, Micheli F, Musella P, Nessi-Tedaldi F, Pandolfi F, Pata J, Pauss F, Perrin G, Perrozzi L, Quittnat M, Reichmann M, Becerra DAS, Schonenberger M, Shchutska L, Tavolaro VR, Theofilatos K, Olsson MLV, Wallny R, Zhu DH, Aarrestad TK, Amsler C, Brzhechko D, Canelli MF, De Cosa A, Del Burgo R, Donato S, Galloni C, Hreus T, Kilminster B, Neutelings I, Pinna D, Rauco G, Robmann P, Salerno D, Schweiger K, Seitz C, Takahashi Y, Zucchetta A, Candelise V, Chang YH, Cheng KY, Doan TH, Jain S, Khurana R, Kuo CM, Lin W, Pozdnyakov A, Yu SS, Kumar A, Chang P, Chao Y, Chen KF, Chen PH, Fiori F, Hou WS, Hsiung Y, Liu YF, Lu RS, Paganis E, Psallidas A, Steen A, Tsai JF, Asavapibhop B, Kovitanggoon K, Singh G, Srimanobhas N, Bat A, Boran F, Cerci S, Damarseckin S, Demiroglu ZS, Dozen C, 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P, Lanaro A, Levine A, Long K, Loveless R, Rekovic V, Ruggles T, Savin A, Smith N, Smith WH, Woods N
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Studies of Beauty Suppression via Nonprompt D-0 Mesons in Pb-Pb Collisions at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 2019 JUL 9; 123(2):? Article 022001
The transverse momentum spectra of D-0 mesons from b hadron decays are measured at midrapidity (vertical bar y vertical bar < 1) in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The D-0 mesons from b hadron decays are distinguished from prompt D-0 mesons by their decay topologies. In Pb-Pb collisions, the B -> D-0 yield is found to be suppressed in the measured p(T) range from 2 to 100 GeV/c as compared to pp collisions. The suppression is weaker than that of prompt D-0 mesons and charged hadrons for p(T) around 10 GeV/c. While theoretical calculations incorporating partonic energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma can successfully describe the measured B -> D-0 suppression at higher p(T), the data show an indication of larger suppression than the model predictions in the range of 2 < p(T) < 5 GeV/c.
Kobayashi M
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AGO CLIP Reveals an Activated Network for Acute Regulation of Brain

CELL REPORTS 2019 JUL 23; 28(4):979-991.e6
Post-transcriptional regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs) is essential for
Presslee S, Slater GJ, Pujos F, Forasiepi AM, Fischer R, Molloy K, Mackie M, Olsen JV, Kramarz A, Taglioretti M, Scaglia F, Lezcano M, Lanata JL, Southon J, Feranec R, Bloch J, Hajduk A, Martin FM, Gismondi RS, Reguero M, de Muizon C, Greenwood A, Chait BT, Penkman K, Collins M, MacPhee RDE
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Palaeoproteomics resolves sloth relationships

NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 2019 JUL; 3(7):1121-1130
The living tree sloths Choloepus and Bradypus are the only remaining members of Folivora, a major xenarthran radiation that occupied a wide range of habitats in many parts of the western hemisphere during the Cenozoic, including both continents and the West Indies. Ancient DNA evidence has played only a minor role in folivoran systematics, as most sloths lived in places not conducive to genomic preservation. Here we utilize collagen sequence information, both separately and in combination with published mitochondrial DNA evidence, to assess the relationships of tree sloths and their extinct relatives. Results from phylogenetic analysis of these datasets differ substantially from morphology-based concepts: Choloepus groups with Mylodontidae, not Megalonychidae; Bradypus and Megalonyx pair together as megatherioids, while monophyletic Antillean sloths may be sister to all other folivorans. Divergence estimates are consistent with fossil evidence for mid-Cenozoic presence of sloths in the West Indies and an early Miocene radiation in South America.
Lapointe T
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Effects of combined escitalopram and aripiprazole in rats: role of the

PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 2019 JUL; 236(7):2283-2283
After publication of this paper, the authors determined an error in
Raz A, Serrano A, Hernandez A, Euler CW, Fischetti VA
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Isolation of Phage Lysins That Effectively Kill Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Mouse Models of Lung and Skin Infection

ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2019 JUL; 63(7):? Article e00024-19
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is rapidly increasing in prevalence among isolates of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, leaving few treatment options. Phage lysins are cell wall hydrolases that have a demonstrated therapeutic potential against Gram-positive pathogens; however, the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria prevents most lysins from reaching the peptidoglycan, making them less effective as therapeutics. Nevertheless, a few lysins from Gram-negative bacterial phage can penetrate the bacterial outer membrane with the aid of an amphipathic tail found in the molecule's termini. In this work, we took a phylogenetic approach to systematically identify those lysins from P. aeruginosa phage that would be most effective therapeutically. We isolated and performed preliminary characterization of 16 lysins and chose 2 lysins, PlyPa03 and PlyPa91, which exhibited >5-log killing activity against P. aeruginosa and other Gram-negative pathogens (particularly Klebsiella and Enterobacter). These lysins showed rapid killing kinetics and were active in the presence of high concentrations of salt and urea and under pH conditions ranging from 5.0 to 10.0. Activity was not inhibited in the presence of the pulmonary surfactant beractant (Survanta). While neither enzyme was active in 100% human serum, PlyPa91 retained activity in low serum concentrations. The lysins were effective in the treatment of a P. aeruginosa skin infection in a mouse model, and PlyPa91 protected mice in a lung infection model, making these lysins potential drug candidates for Gram-negative bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory mucosa.
Lu XD, Chu CSE, Fang T, Rayon-Estrada V, Fang F, Patke A, Qian Y, Clarke SH, Melnick AM, Zhang Y, Papavasiliou FN, Roeder RG
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MTA2/NuRD Regulates B Cell Development and Cooperates with OCA-B in Controlling the Pre-B to Immature B Cell Transition

CELL REPORTS 2019 JUL 9; 28(2):472-485.e5
The NuRD complex contains both chromatin remodeling and histone deacetylase activities. Mice lacking the MTA2 subunit of NuRD show developmental defects in pro-B, pre-B, immature B, and marginal zone B cells, and abnormal germinal center B cell differentiation during immune responses. Mta2 inactivation also causes a derepression of Igll1 and VpreB1 genes in pre-B cells. Furthermore, MTA2/NuRD interacts directly with AIOLOS/IKAROS and shows a striking overlap with AIOLOS/IKAROS target genes in human pre-B cells, suggesting a functional interdependence between MTA2/NuRD and AIOLOS. Mechanistically, MTA2 deficiency in mice leads to increased H3K27 acetylation at both Igll1 and VpreB1 promoters. Gene profiling analyses also identify distinct MTA2-dependent transcription programs in pro-B and pre-B cells. In addition, we find a strong synergy between MTA2 and OCA-B in repressing Igll1 and VpreB1 at the pre-B cell stage, and in regulating both the pre-B to immature B transition and splenic B cell development.