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Found 33681 matches. Displaying 11-20
11.
Castner J , Guo LF, Yin Y
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Ambient air pollution and emergency department visits for asthma in Erie County, New York 2007-2012

INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 2018 FEB; 91(2):205-214
8% of the US population has asthma. Air pollution is linked to exacerbation in susceptible individuals. The objective was to identify air pollutants that increased the risk of asthma emergency department visits during a time wherein a polluting factory was criminally convicted, changing local air pollutant levels. An ecological time-series design used a daily count of asthma emergency visits from 2007 to 2012 as the dependent variable. Independent variables air pollutants (NO2, PM2.5 CO, and O-3), controlling for meteorological conditions, were analyzed using time-series and Poisson GLM models. 76,651 emergency asthma visits were included with an average of 35 visits per day (SD = 9.2, range 11-80) in a stationary time series. Increased visit volume in fall and spring had no associations to the air pollutants. Associations between individual air pollutants occurred in otherwise low-volume months for asthma emergency visits. The strongest relationship was an 11.6% increase in the asthma emergency visit rate during the month of June. In monthly groupings that removed most of the autumn and spring months, O-3, PM2.5, CO, and NO2 were associated with 5, 4, 2, and 2% increases in asthma emergency visits, respectively. CO was the only pollutant with a negative association with asthma emergency visits, occurring in the month of April. Pollutants NO2, PM2.5 CO, and O-3 were associated with increased emergency asthma visits in some, but not all months of the year. Air pollution's impact on asthma emergencies may be masked by other, more influential seasonal triggers, such as infections or allergies.
12.
Ogawa Y , Kakumoto K, Yoshida T, Kuwako KI, Miyazaki T, Yamaguchi J, Konno A, Hata J, Uchiyama Y, Hirai H, Watanabe M, Darnell RB, Okano H, Okano HJ
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Elavl3 is essential for the maintenance of Purkinje neuron axons

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 2018 FEB 9; 8(?):? Article 2722
Neuronal Elav-like (nElavl or neuronal Hu) proteins are RNA-binding proteins that regulate RNA stability and alternative splicing, which are associated with axonal and synaptic structures. nElavl proteins promote the differentiation and maturation of neurons via their regulation of RNA. The functions of nElavl in mature neurons are not fully understood, although Elavl3 is highly expressed in the adult brain. Furthermore, possible associations between nElavl genes and several neurodegenerative diseases have been reported. We investigated the relationship between nElavl functions and neuronal degeneration using Elavl3(-/-) mice. Elavl3(-/-) mice exhibited slowly progressive motor deficits leading to severe cerebellar ataxia, and axons of Elavl3(-/-) Purkinje cells were swollen (spheroid formation), followed by the disruption of synaptic formation of axonal terminals. Deficit in axonal transport and abnormalities in neuronal polarity was observed in Elavl3(-/-) Purkinje cells. These results suggest that nElavl proteins are crucial for the maintenance of axonal homeostasis in mature neurons. Moreover, Elavl3(-/-) mice are unique animal models that constantly develop slowly progressive axonal degeneration. Therefore, studies of Elavl3(-/-) mice will provide new insight regarding axonal degenerative processes.
13.
Sartaj R , Zhang C, Wan P, Pasha Z, Guaiquil V, Liu A, Liu J, Luo Y, Fuchs E, Rosenblatt MI
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Characterization of slow cycling corneal limbal epithelial cells identifies putative stem cell markers (vol 7, 2017)

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 2018 FEB 1; 8(?):? Article 2483
14.
Sirunyan AM , Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, Brondolin E, Dragicevic M, Ero J, Flechl M, Friedl M, Fruhwirth R, Ghete VM, Grossmann J, Hrubec J, Jeitler M, Konig A, Krammer N, Kratschmer I, Liko D, Madlener T, Mikulec I, Pree E, Rabady D, Rad N, Rohringer H, Schieck J, Schofbeck R, Spanring M, Spitzbart D, Strauss J, Waltenberger W, Wittmann J, Wulz CE, Zarucki M, Chekhovsky V, Mossolov V, Gonzalez JS, De Wolf EA, Di Croce D, Janssen X, Lauwers J, Van De Klundert M, Van Haevermaet H, Van Mechelen P, Van Remortel N, Abu Zeid S, Blekman F, D'Hondt J, De Bruyn I, De Clercq J, Deroover K, Flouris G, Lontkovskyi D, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Moreels L, Olbrechts A, Python Q, Skovpen K, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Mulders P, Van Parijs I, Brun H, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Delannoy H, Fasanella G, Favart L, Goldouzian R, Grebenyuk A, Karapostoli G, Lenzi T, Luetic J, Maerschalk T, Marinov A, Randle-conde A, Seva T, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Vannerom D, Yonamine R, Zenoni F, Zhang F, Cimmino A, Cornelis T, Dobur D, Fagot A, Gul M, Khvastunov I, Poyraz D, Roskas C, Salva S, Tytgat M, Verbeke W, Zaganidis N, Bakhshiansohi H, Bondu O, Brochet S, Bruno G, Caudron A, De Visscher S, Delaere C, Delcourt M, Francois B, Giammanco A, Jafari A, Komm M, Krintiras G, Lemaitre V, Magitteri A, Mertens A, Musich M, Piotrzkowski K, Quertenmont L, Marono MV, Wertz S, Beliy N, Alda WL, Alves FL, Alves GA, Brito L, Martins MC, Hensel C, Moraes A, Pol ME, Teles PR, Das Chagas EBB, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Custodio A, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, Damiao DD, De Souza SF, Guativa LMH, Malbouisson H, De Almeida MM, Herrera CM, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Manganote EJT, De Araujo FTD, Pereira AV, Ahuja S, Bernardes CA, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Abad DR, Vargas JCR, Aleksandrov A, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Stoykova S, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Glushkov I, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Fang W, Gao X, Ahmad M, Bian JG, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Chen Y, Jiang CH, Leggat D, Liao H, Liu Z, Romeo F, Shaheen SM, Spiezia A, Tao J, Wang C, Wang Z, Yazgan E, Zhang H, Zhao J, Ban Y, Chen G, Li Q, Liu S, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Wang D, Xu Z, Avila C, Cabrera A, Sierra LFC, Florez C, Hernandez CFG, Alvarez JDR, Courbon B, Godinovic N, Lelas D, Puljak I, Cipriano PMR, Sculac T, Antunovic Z, Kovac M, Brigljevic V, Ferencek D, Kadija K, Mesic B, Starodumov A, Susa T, Ather MW, Attikis A, Mavromanolakis G, Mousa J, Nicolaou C, Ptochos F, Razis PA, Rykaczewski H, Finger M, Finger M, Jarrin EC, Assran Y, Mahmoud MA, Mahrous A, Dewanjee RK, Kadastik M, Perrini L, Raidal M, Tiko A, Veelken C, Eerola P, Pekkanen J, Voutilainen M, Harkonen J, Jarvinen T, Karimaki V, Kinnunen R, Lampen T, Lassila-Perini K, Lehti S, Linden T, Luukka P, Tuominen E, Tuominiemi J, Tuovinen E, Talvitie J, Tuuva T, Besancon M, Couderc F, Dejardin M, Denegri D, Faure JL, Ferri F, Ganjour S, Ghosh S, Givernaud A, Gras P, de Monchenault GH, Jarry P, Kucher I, Locci E, Machet M, Malcles J, Negro G, Rander J, Rosowsky A, Sahin MO, Titov M, Abdulsalam A, Antropov I, Baffioni S, Beaudette F, Busson P, Cadamuro L, Charlot C, de Cassagnac RG, Jo M, Lisniak S, Lobanov A, Blanco JM, Nguyen M, Ochando C, Ortona G, Paganini P, Pigard P, Regnard S, Salerno R, Sauvan JB, Sirois Y, Leiton AGS, Strebler T, Yilmaz Y, Zabi A, Zghiche A, Agram JL, Andrea J, Bloch D, Brom JM, Buttignol M, Chabert EC, Chanon N, Collard C, Conte E, Coubez X, Fontaine JC, Gele D, Goerlach U, Jansova M, Le Bihan AC, Tonon N, Van Hove P, Gadrat S, Beauceron S, Bernet C, Boudoul G, Chierici R, Contardo D, Depasse P, El Mamouni H, Fay J, Finco L, Gascon S, Gouzevitch M, Grenier G, Ille B, Lagarde F, Laktineh IB, Lethuillier M, Mirabito L, Pequegnot AL, Perries S, Popov A, Sordini V, Vander Donckt M, Viret S, Khvedelidze A, Bagaturia I, Autermann C, Beranek S, Feld L, Kiesel MK, Klein K, Lipinski M, Preuten M, Schomakers C, Schulz J, Verlage T, Albert A, Brodski M, Dietz-Laursonn E, Duchardt D, Endres M, Erdmann M, Erdweg S, Esch T, Fischer R, Guth A, Hamer M, Hebbeker T, Heidemann C, Hoepfner K, Knutzen S, Merschmeyer M, Meyer A, Millet P, Mukherjee S, Olschewski M, Padeken K, Pook T, Radziej M, Reithler H, Rieger M, Scheuch F, Teyssier D, Thuer S, Flugge G, Kargoll B, Kress T, Kunsken A, Lingemann J, Muller T, Nehrkorn A, Nowack A, Pistone C, Pooth O, Stahl A, Martin MA, Arndt T, Asawatangtrakuldee C, Beernaert K, Behnke O, Behrens U, Martinez AB, Bin Anuar AA, Borras K, Botta V, Campbell A, Connor P, Contreras-Campana C, Costanza F, Pardos CD, Eckerlin G, Eckstein D, Eichhorn T, Eren E, Gallo E, Garcia JG, Geiser A, Gizhko A, Luyando JMG, Grohsjean A, Gunnellini P, Harb A, Hauk J, Hempel M, Jung H, Kalogeropoulos A, Kasemann M, Keaveney J, Kleinwort C, Korol I, Krucker D, Lange W, Lelek A, Lenz T, Leonard J, Lipka K, Lohmann W, Mankel R, Melzer-Pellmann IA, Meyer AB, Mittag G, Munich J, Mussgiller A, Ntomari E, Pitzl D, Placakyte R, Raspereza A, Roland B, Savitskyi M, Saxena P, Shevchenko R, Spannagel S, Stefaniuk N, Van Onsem GP, Walsh R, Wen Y, Wichmann K, Wissing C, Zenaiev O, Bein S, Blobel V, Vignali MC, Draeger AR, Dreyer T, Garutti E, Gonzalez D, Haller J, Hinzmann A, Hoffmann M, Karavdina A, Klanner R, Kogler R, Kovalchuk N, Kurz S, Lapsien T, Marchesini I, Marconi D, Meyer M, Niedziela M, Nowatschin D, Pantaleo F, Peiffer T, Perieanu A, Scharf C, Schleper P, Schmidt A, Schumann S, Schwandt J, Sonneveld J, Stadie H, Steinbruck G, Stober FM, Stover M, Tholen H, Troendle D, Usai E, Vanelderen L, Vanhoefer A, Vormwald B, Akbiyik M, Barth C, Baur S, Butz E, Caspart R, Chwalek T, Colombo F, De Boer W, Dierlamm A, Freund B, Friese R, Giffels M, Gilbert A, Haitz D, Hartmann F, Heindl SM, Husemann U, Kassel F, Kudella S, Mildner H, Mozer MU, Muller T, Plagge M, Quast G, Rabbertz K, Schroder M, Shvetsov I, Sieber G, Simonis HJ, Ulrich R, Wayand S, Weber M, Weiler T, Williamson S, Wohrmann C, Wolf R, Anagnostou G, Daskalakis G, Geralis T, Giakoumopoulou VA, Kyriakis A, Loukas D, Topsis-Giotis I, Kesisoglou S, Panagiotou A, Saoulidou N, Evangelou I, Foudas C, Kokkas P, Manthos N, Papadopoulos I, Paradas E, Strologas J, Triantis FA, Csanad M, Filipovic N, Pasztor G, Bencze G, Hajdu C, Horvath D, Hunyadi A, Sikler F, Veszpremi V, Vesztergombi G, Zsigmond AJ, Beni N, Czellar S, Karancsi J, Makovec A, Molnar J, Szillasi Z, Bartok M, Raics P, Trocsanyi ZL, Ujvari B, Choudhury S, Komaragiri JR, Bahinipati S, Bhowmik S, Mal P, Mandal K, Nayak A, Sahoo DK, Sahoo N, Swain SK, Bansal S, Beri SB, Bhatnagar V, Bhawandeep U, Chawla R, Dhingra N, Kalsi AK, Kaur A, Kaur M, Kumar R, Kumari P, Mehta A, Singh JB, Walia G, Kumar A, Shah A, Bhardwaj A, Chauhan S, Choudhary BC, Garg RB, Keshri S, Kumar A, Malhotra S, Naimuddin M, Ranjan K, Sharma R, Sharma V, Bhardwaj R, Bhattacharya R, Bhattacharya S, Dey S, Dutt S, Dutta S, Majumdar N, Modak A, Mondal K, Mukhopadhyay S, Nandan S, Purohit A, Roy A, Roy D, Chowdhury SR, Sarkar S, Sharan M, Thakur S, Behera PK, Chudasama R, Dutta D, Jha V, Kumar V, Mohanty AK, Netrakanti PK, Pant LM, Shukla P, Topkar A, Aziz T, Dugad S, Mahakud B, Mitra S, Mohanty GB, Parida B, Sur N, Sutar B, Banerjee S, Chatterjee S, Das P, Guchait M, Jain S, Kumar S, Maity M, Majumder G, Mazumdar K, Sarkar T, Wickramage N, Dube S, Hegde V, Kapoor A, Kothekar K, Pandey S, Rane A, Sharma S, Chenarani S, Tadavani EE, Etesami SM, Khakzad M, Najafabadi MM, Naseri M, Mehdiabadi SP, Hosseinabadi FR, Safarzadeh B, Zeinali M, Felcini M, Grunewald M, Abbrescia M, Calabria C, Caputo C, Colaleo A, Creanza D, Cristella L, De Filippis N, De Palma M, Errico F, Fiore L, Iaselli G, Lezki S, Maggi G, Maggi M, Miniello G, My S, Nuzzo S, Pompili A, Pugliese G, Radogna R, Ranieri A, Selvaggi G, Sharma A, Silvestris L, Venditti R, Verwilligen P, Abbiendi G, Battilana C, Bonacorsi D, Braibant-Giacomelli S, Campanini R, Capiluppi P, Castro A, Cavallo FR, Chhibra SS, Codispoti G, Cuffiani M, Dallavalle GM, Fabbri F, Fanfani A, Fasanella D, Giacomelli P, Grandi C, Guiducci L, Marcellini S, Masetti G, Montanari A, Navarria FL, Perrotta A, Rossi AM, Rovelli T, Siroli GP, Tosi N, Albergo S, Costa S, Di Mattia A, Giordano F, Potenza R, Tricomi A, Tuve C, Barbagli G, Chatterjee K, Ciulli V, Civinini C, D'Alessandro R, Focardi E, Lenzi P, Meschini M, Russo L, Sguazzoni G, Strom D, Viliani L, Benussi L, Bianco S, Piccolo D, Primavera F, Calvelli V, Ferro F, Robutti E, Tosi S, Brianza L, Brivio F, Ciriolo V, Dinardo ME, Fiorendi S, Gennai S, Ghezzi A, Govoni P, Malberti M, Malvezzi S, Manzoni RA, Menasce D, Moroni L, Paganoni M, Pauwels K, Pedrini D, Pigazzini S, Ragazzi S, de Fatis TT, Buontempo S, Cavallo N, Di Guida S, Esposito M, Fabozzi F, Fienga F, Iorio AOM, Khan WA, Lanza G, Lista L, Meola S, Paolucci P, Sciacca C, Thyssen F, Azzi P, Bacchetta N, Benato L, Bisello D, Boletti A, Carlin R, De Oliveira ACA, Checchia P, Manzano PD, Dorigo T, Dosselli U, Gasparini F, Gasparini U, Gozzelino A, Lacaprara S, Margoni M, Meneguzzo AT, Pozzobon N, Ronchese P, Rossin R, Simonetto F, Torassa E, Zanetti M, Zotto P, Zumerle G, Braghieri A, Fallavollita F, Magnani A, Montagna P, Ratti SP, Re V, Ressegotti M, Riccardi C, Salvini P, Vai I, Vitulo P, Solestizi LA, Biasini M, Bilei GM, Cecchi C, Ciangottini D, Fano L, Lariccia P, Leonardi R, Manoni E, Mantovani G, Mariani V, Menichelli M, Rossi A, Santocchia A, Spiga D, Androsov K, Azzurri P, Bagliesi G, Bernardini J, Boccali T, Borrello L, Castaldi R, Ciocci MA, Dell'Orso R, Fedi G, Giannini L, Giassi A, Grippo MT, Ligabue F, Lomtadze T, Manca E, Mandorli G, Martini L, Messineo A, Palla F, Rizzi A, Savoy-Navarro A, Spagnolo P, Tenchini R, Tonelli G, Venturi A, Verdini PG, Barone L, Cavallari F, Cipriani M, Del Re D, Diemoz M, Gelli S, Longo E, Margaroli F, Marzocchi B, Meridiani P, Organtini G, Paramatti R, Preiato F, Rahatlou S, Rovelli C, Santanastasio F, Amapane N, Arcidiacono R, Argiro S, Arneodo M, Bartosik N, Bellan R, Biino C, Cartiglia N, Cenna F, Costa M, Covarelli R, Degano A, Demaria N, Kiani B, Mariotti C, Maselli S, Migliore E, Monaco V, Monteil E, Monteno M, Obertino MM, Pacher L, Pastrone N, Pelliccioni M, Angioni GLP, Ravera F, Romero A, Ruspa M, Sacchi R, Shchelina K, Sola V, Solano A, Staiano A, Traczyk P, Belforte S, Casarsa M, Cossutti F, Della Ricca G, Zanetti A, Kim DH, Kim GN, Kim MS, Lee J, Lee S, Lee SW, Moon CS, Oh YD, Sekmen S, Son DC, Yang YC, Lee A, Kim H, Moon DH, Oh G, Cifuentes JAB, Goh J, Kim TJ, Cho S, Choi S, Go Y, Gyun D, Ha S, Hong B, Jo Y, Kim Y, Lee K, Lee KS, Lim J, Park SK, Roh Y, Almond J, Kim J, Kim JS, Lee H, Nam K, Oh SB, Radburn-Smith BC, Seo SH, Yang UK, Yoo HD, Yu GB, Choi M, Kim JH, Lee JSH, Park IC, Ryu G, Choi Y, Hwang C, Yu I, Dudenas V, Juodagalvis A, Vaitkus J, Ahmed I, Ibrahim ZA, Ali MABM, Idris FM, Abdullah WATW, Yusli MN, Zolkapli Z, Castilla-Valdez H, De La Cruz-Burelo E, Heredia-De La Cruz I, Lopez-Fernandez R, Guisao JM, Sanchez-Hernandez A, Moreno SC, Barrera CO, Valencia FV, Pedraza I, Ibarguen HAS, Estrada CU, Pineda AM, Krofcheck D, Butler PH, Ahmad A, Hassan Q, Hoorani HR, Saddique A, Shah MA, Shoaib M, Waqas M, Bialkowska H, Bluj M, Boimska B, Frueboes T, Gorski M, Kazana M, Nawrocki K, Romanowska-Rybinska K, Szleper M, Zalewski P, Bunkowski K, Byszuk A, Doroba K, Kalinowski A, Konecki M, Krolikowski J, Misiura M, Olszewski M, Pyskir A, Walczak M, Bargassa P, Silva CBDE, Calpas B, Di Francesco A, Faccioli P, Gallinaro M, Hollar J, Leonardo N, Iglesias LL, Nemallapudi MV, Seixas J, Toldaiev O, Vadruccio D, Varela J, Afanasiev S, Bunin P, Gavrilenko M, Golutvin I, Gorbunov I, Kamenev A, Karjavin V, Lanev A, Malakhov A, Matveev V, Palichik V, Perelygin V, Shmatov S, Shulha S, Skatchkov N, Smirnov V, Voytishin N, Zarubin A, Ivanov Y, Kim V, Kuznetsova E, Levchenko P, Murzin V, Oreshkin V, Smirnov I, Sulimov V, Uvarov L, Vavilov S, Vorobyev A, Andreev Y, Dermenev A, Gninenko S, Golubev N, Karneyeu A, Kirsanov M, Krasnikov N, Pashenkov A, Tlisov D, Toropin A, Epshteyn V, Gavrilov V, Lychkovskaya N, Popov V, Pozdnyakov I, Safronov G, Spiridonov A, Stepennov A, Toms M, Vlasov E, Zhokin A, Aushev T, Bylinkin A, Chistov R, Danilov M, Parygin P, Philippov D, Polikarpov S, Tarkovskii E, Andreev V, Azarkin M, Dremin I, Kirakosyan M, Terkulov A, Baskakov A, Belyaev A, Boos E, Dubinin M, Dudko L, Ershov A, Gribushin A, Klyukhin V, Kodolova O, Lokhtin I, Miagkov I, Obraztsov S, Petrushanko S, Savrin V, Snigirev A, Blinov V, Skovpen Y, Shtol D, Azhgirey I, Bayshev I, Bitioukov S, Elumakhov D, Kachanov V, Kalinin A, Konstantinov D, Krychkine V, Petrov V, Ryutin R, Sobol A, Troshin S, Tyurin N, Uzunian A, Volkov A, Adzic P, Cirkovic P, Devetak D, Dordevic M, Milosevic J, Rekovic V, Maestre JA, Luna MB, Cerrada M, Colino N, De La Cruz B, Peris AD, Del Valle AE, Bedoya CF, Ramos JPF, Flix J, Fouz MC, Garcia-Abia P, Lopez OG, Lopez SG, Hernandez JM, Josa MI, Yzquierdo APC, Pelayo JP, Olmeda AQ, Redondo I, Romero L, Soares MS, Fernandez AA, de Troconiz JF, Missiroli M, Moran D, Cuevas J, Erice C, Menendez JF, Caballero IG, Fernandez JRG, Cortezon EP, Cruz SS, Andres IS, Vischia P, Garcia JMV, Cabrillo IJ, Calderon A, Quero BC, Curras E, Fernandez M, Garcia-Ferrero J, Gomez G, Virto AL, Marco J, Rivero CM, del Arbol PMR, Matorras F, Gomez JP, Rodrigo T, Ruiz-Jimeno A, Scodellaro L, Trevisani N, Vila I, Cortabitarte RV, Abbaneo D, Auffray E, Baillon P, Ball AH, Barney D, Bianco M, Bloch P, Bocci A, Botta C, Camporesi T, Castello R, Cepeda M, Cerminara G, Chapon E, Chen Y, d'Enterria D, Dabrowski A, Daponte V, David A, De Gruttola M, De Roeck A, Di Marco E, Dobson M, Dorney B, du Pree T, Dunser M, Dupont N, Elliott-Peisert A, Everaerts P, Franzoni G, Fulcher J, Funk W, Gigi D, Gill K, Glege F, Gulhan D, Gundacker S, Guthoff M, Harris P, Hegeman J, Innocente V, Janot P, Karacheban O, Kieseler J, Kirschenmann H, Knunz V, Kornmayer A, Kortelainen MJ, Lange C, Lecoq P, Lourenco C, Lucchini MT, Malgeri L, Mannelli M, Martelli A, Meijers F, Merlin JA, Mersi S, Meschi E, Milenovic P, Moortgat F, Mulders M, Neugebauer H, Orfanelli S, Orsini L, Pape L, Perez E, Peruzzi M, Petrilli A, Petrucciani G, Pfeiffer A, Pierini M, Racz A, Reis T, Rolandi G, Rovere M, Sakulin H, Schafer C, Schwick C, Seidel M, Selvaggi M, Silva P, Sphicas P, Steggemann J, Stoye M, Tosi M, Treille D, Triossi A, Tsirou A, Veckalns V, Veres GI, Verweij M, Wardle N, Zeuner WD, Bertl W, Caminada L, Deiters K, Erdmann W, Horisberger R, Ingram Q, Kaestli HC, Kotlinski D, Langenegger U, Rohe T, Wiederkehr SA, Bachmair F, Bani L, Berger P, Bianchini L, Casal B, Dissertori G, Dittmar M, Donega M, Grab C, Heidegger C, Hits D, Hoss J, Kasieczka G, Klijnsma T, Lustermann W, Mangano B, Marionneau M, Meinhard MT, Meister D, Micheli F, Musella P, Nessi-Tedaldi F, Pandolfi F, Pata J, Pauss F, Perrin G, Perrozzi L, Quittnat M, Schonenberger M, Shchutska L, Tavolaro VR, Theofilatos K, Olsson MLV, Wallny R, Zagozdzinska A, Zhu DH, Aarrestad TK, Amsler C, Canelli MF, De Cosa A, Donato S, Galloni C, Hreus T, Kilminster B, Ngadiuba J, Pinna D, Rauco G, Robmann P, Salerno D, Seitz C, Zucchetta A, Candelise V, Doan TH, Jain S, Khurana R, Kuo CM, Lin W, Pozdnyakov A, Yu SS, Kumar A, Chang P, Chao Y, Chen KF, Chen PH, Fiori F, Hou WS, Hsiung Y, Liu YF, Lu RS, Moya MM, Paganis E, Psallidas A, Tsai JF, Asavapibhop B, Kovitanggoon K, Singh G, Srimanobhas N, Adiguzel A, Bakirci MN, Boran F, Damarseckin S, Demiroglu ZS, Dozen C, Eskut E, Girgis S, Gokbulut G, Guler Y, Hos I, Kangal EE, Kara O, Kiminsu U, Oglakci M, Onengut G, Ozdemir K, Ozturk S, Polatoz A, Cerci DS, Turkcapar S, Zorbakir IS, Zorbilmez C, Bilin B, Karapinar G, Ocalan K, Yalvac M, Zeyrek M, Gulmez E, Kaya M, Kaya O, Tekten S, Yetkin EA, Agaras MN, Atay S, Cakir A, Cankocak K, Grynyov B, Levchuk L, Sorokin P, Aggleton R, Ball F, Beck L, Brooke JJ, Burns D, Clement E, Cussans D, Davignon O, Flacher H, Goldstein J, Grimes M, Heath GP, 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Barbaro P, Demina R, Duh YT, Ferbel T, Galanti M, Garcia-Bellido A, Han J, Hindrichs O, Khukhunaishvili A, Lo KH, Tan P, Verzetti M, Ciesielski R, Goulianos K, Mesropian C, Agapitos A, Chou JP, Gershtein Y, Espinosa TAG, Halkiadakis E, Heindl M, Hughes E, Kaplan S, Elayavalli RK, Kyriacou S, Lath A, Montalvo R, Nash K, Osherson M, Saka H, Salur S, Schnetzer S, Sheffield D, Somalwar S, Stone R, Thomas S, Thomassen P, Walker M, Delannoy AG, Foerster M, Heideman J, Riley G, Rose K, Spanier S, Thapa K, Bouhali O, Hernandez AC, Celik A, Dalchenko M, De Mattia M, Delgado A, Dildick S, Eusebi R, Gilmore J, Huang T, Kamon T, Mueller R, Pakhotin Y, Patel R, Perloff A, Pernie L, Rathjens D, Safonov A, Tatarinov A, Ulmer KA, Akchurin N, Damgov J, De Guio F, Dudero PR, Faulkner J, Gurpinar E, Kunori S, Lamichhane K, Libeiro T, Peltola T, Undleeb S, Volobouev I, Greene S, Gurrola A, Janjam R, Johns W, Maguire C, Melo A, Ni H, Sheldon P, Tuo S, Velkovska J, Xu Q, Arenton MW, Barria P, Cox B, Hirosky R, Ledovskoy A, Li H, Neu C, Sinthuprasith T, Sun X, Wang Y, Wolfe E, Xia F, Clarke C, Harr R, Karchin PE, Sturdy J, Zaleski S, Buchanan J, Caillol C, Dasu S, Dodd L, Duric S, Gomber B, Grothe M, Herndon M, Herve A, Hussain U, Klabbers P, Lanaro A, Levine A, Long K, Loveless R, Pierro GA, Polese G, Ruggles T, Savin A, Smith N, Smith WH, Taylor D, Woods N
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Search for Higgsino pair production in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV in final states with large missing transverse momentum and two Higgs bosons decaying via H -> b(b)over bar

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 2018 FEB 8; 97(3):? Article 032007
Results are reported from a search for new physics in 13 TeV proton-proton collisions in the final state with large missing transverse momentum and two Higgs bosons decaying via H -> b(b)over bar. The search uses a data sample accumulated by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb(-1). The search is motivated by models based on gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking, which predict the electroweak production of a pair of Higgsinos, each of which can decay via a cascade process to a Higgs boson and an undetected lightest supersymmetric particle. The observed event yields in the signal regions are consistent with the standard model background expectation obtained from control regions in data. Higgsinos in the mass range 230-770 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level in the context of a simplified model for the production and decay of approximately degenerate Higgsinos.
15.
Morgani SM , Metzger JJ, Nichols J, Siggia ED, Hadjantonakis AK
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Micropattern differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells recapitulates embryo regionalized cell fate patterning

ELIFE 2018 FEB 7; 7(?):? Article e32839
During gastrulation epiblast cells exit pluripotency as they specify and spatially arrange the three germ layers of the embryo. Similarly, human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) undergo spatially organized fate specification on micropatterned surfaces. Since in vivo validation is not possible for the human, we developed a mouse PSC micropattern system and, with direct comparisons to mouse embryos, reveal the robust specification of distinct regional identities. BMP, WNT, ACTIVIN and FGF directed mouse epiblast-like cells to undergo an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and radially pattern posterior mesoderm fates. Conversely, WNT, ACTIVIN and FGF patterned anterior identities, including definitive endoderm. By contrast, epiblast stem cells, a developmentally advanced state, only specified anterior identities, but without patterning. The mouse micropattern system offers a robust scalable method to generate regionalized cell types present in vivo, resolve how signals promote distinct identities and generate patterns, and compare mechanisms operating in vivo and in vitro and across species.
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated, systemic inflammatory disease that is defined by a characteristic skin reaction produced when elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-17 alter the growth and differentiation of skin cells. The pathogenesis of comorbid conditions associated with psoriasis, including psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome, liver disorders, renal disease and depression, is also largely affected by inflammation. In this review, we examine the effect of IL-17 on the inflammatory pathways in a variety of different cell types, including keratinocytes, as well as epithelial cells of the colon, kidney, gut and liver. Additionally, we investigate the role of IL-17 in mediating the psoriasis-associated comorbidities detailed above.
17.
O'Donnell ME , Li HL
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The ring-shaped hexameric helicases that function at DNA replication forks

NATURE STRUCTURAL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 2018 FEB; 25(2):122-130
DNA replication requires separation of genomic duplex DNA strands, an operation that is performed by a hexameric ring-shaped helicase in all domains of life. The structures and chemomechanical actions of these fascinating machines are coming into sharper focus. Although there is no evolutionary relationship between the hexameric helicases of bacteria and those of archaea and eukaryotes, they share many fundamental features. Here we review recent studies of these two groups of hexameric helicases and the unexpected distinctions they have also unveiled.
18.
Chaudhary AR , Berger F, Berger CL, Hendricks AG
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Tau directs intracellular trafficking by regulating the forces exerted by kinesin and dynein teams

TRAFFIC 2018 FEB; 19(2):111-121
Organelles, proteins, and mRNA are transported bidirectionally along microtubules by plus-end directed kinesin and minus-end directed dynein motors. Microtubules are decorated by microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) that organize the cytoskeleton, regulate microtubule dynamics and modulate the interaction between motor proteins and microtubules to direct intracellular transport. Tau is a neuronal MAP that stabilizes axonal microtubules and crosslinks them into bundles. Dysregulation of tau leads to a range of neurodegenerative diseases known as tauopathies including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Tau reduces the processivity of kinesin and dynein by acting as an obstacle on the microtubule. Single-molecule assays indicate that kinesin-1 is more strongly inhibited than kinesin-2 or dynein, suggesting tau might act to spatially modulate the activity of specific motors. To investigate the role of tau in regulating bidirectional transport, we isolated phagosomes driven by kinesin-1, kinesin-2, and dynein and reconstituted their motility along microtubules. We find that tau biases bidirectional motility towards the microtubule minus-end in a dose-dependent manner. Optical trapping measurements show that tau increases the magnitude and frequency of forces exerted by dynein through inhibiting opposing kinesin motors. Mathematical modeling indicates that tau controls the directional bias of intracellular cargoes through differentially tuning the processivity of kinesin-1, kinesin-2, and dynein. Taken together, these results demonstrate that tau modulates motility in a motor-specific manner to direct intracellular transport, and suggests that dysregulation of tau might contribute to neurodegeneration by disrupting the balance of plus- and minus-end directed transport.
19.
Kinoshita N , Arenas-Huertero C, Chua NH
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Visualizing nuclear-localized RNA using transient expression system in plants

GENES TO CELLS 2018 FEB; 23(2):105-111
By modifying the existing cytosolic RNA visualization tool pioneered by Schonberger, Hammes, and Dresselhaus (2012), we developed a method to visualize nuclear-localized RNA. Our method uses (i) an RNA component that consists of an RNA of interest that is fused to a bacteriophage-derived MS2 sequence; and (ii) GFP fused to MS2 coat protein (MSCP), which binds specifically to MS2 as is also the case in the method for cytosolic RNA visualization. The nuclear localization sequence (NLS) at the C-terminal of MSCP-GFP tethers the probe to the nucleus. To reduce background signals in the nucleus, we replaced the NLS with a nuclear export sequence (NES) that anchors the MSCP-GFP probe in the cytosol. Our nuclear RNA visualization method differs from previous methods in two aspects: (i) We used an NES to reduce nuclear background signal so that the MSCP-GFP probe localizes in the cytosol by default; (ii) We added mCherry as a visual marker in the RNA component to increase its efficient usage in a transient system.
20.
Brunner PM , Leung DYM, Guttman-Yassky E
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Immunologic, microbial, and epithelial interactions in atopic dermatitis

ANNALS OF ALLERGY ASTHMA & IMMUNOLOGY 2018 JAN; 120(1):34-41
Objective: To provide an overview of studies contributing to the understanding of immunologic, microbial, and epithelial interactions in atopic dermatitis. Data Sources: PubMed literature review (2000-2017) and meeting abstracts from recent international dermatology conferences. Study Selections: Articles discussing primarily human disease. Results: Clinical studies showed that atopic dermatitis is a type 2 immune-centered disease with a systemic inflammatory component but with heterogeneous treatment responses. This suggests that other factors are likely involved in shaping the skin disease phenotype, including microbial dysbiosis and epidermal barrier dysfunction. Conclusion: Recent clinical investigation has significantly expanded our knowledge on disease pathogenesis in atopic dermatitis, and current and future clinical trials will most likely further help to elucidate this complex, heterogeneous skin disease. (C) 2017 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.