The faculty of the CCTS includes 4 Nobel laureates, 4 Lasker Award winners, 23 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 16 members of the Institute of Medicine, 8 members of the Association of American Physicians, 9 Gairdner Foundation International Awardees, and 10 members of the American Society for Clinical Investigation. 14 investigators have been or currently are supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and 76 currently hold 122 NIH grant awards totaling more than $60 million in support. The faculty members of in the CCTS hold a total of 180 U.S. patents on inventions related to clinical and translational science and 164 of their technologies have been licensed to companies for further development to improve human health. The faculty’s research interests span a very wide spectrum of disciplines, including addictive diseases, biostatistics, cardiology, dermatology, endocrinology, hematology, hepatology, human genetics, immunology, infectious diseases, metabolic diseases, nephrology, neurobiology, neurology, oncology, psychiatry, sensory perception, and virology. They also span a wide range of expertise along the translational research spectrum, with some faculty members focusing on basic physiologic and pathologic mechanisms at the cellular, molecular, and atomic level, and others primarily engaged in rigorous observational and mechanistic studies involving human subjects.