The Lancefield Collection of Streptococcus Strains

Group Reference Strains
M Typing Reference Strains


Rebecca Craighill Lancefield
Bibliography: 1919-1979


References: RCL001-RCL050:

References, in chronological order
RCL001 RCL002 RCL003 RCL004 RCL005 RCL006 RCL007 RCL008 RCL009 RCL010
RCL011 RCL012 RCL013 RCL014 RCL015 RCL016 RCL017 RCL018 RCL019 RCL020
RCL021 RCL022 RCL023 RCL024 RCL025 RCL026 RCL027 RCL028 RCL029 RCL030
RCL031 RCL032 RCL033 RCL034 RCL035 RCL036 RCL037 RCL038 RCL039 RCL040
RCL041 RCL042 RCL043 RCL044 RCL045 RCL046 RCL047 RCL048 RCL049 RCL050

[ The majority of M-typing strains are described in RCL046 ]


RCL001:

Dochez, A. R., O. T. Avery and R. C. Lancefield. 1919. Studies on the biology of streptococcus. I. Antigenic relationship between strains of Streptococcus haemolyticus. J. Exp. Med. 30:179.


RCL002:

Lancefield, R. C. 1924. Antigenic relationships of the nucleo-proteins from the gram-positive cocci. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 22:109.

(Abstract)


RCL003:

Lancefield, R. C. 1925. The immunological relationships of Streptococcus viridans and certain of its chemical fractions. I. Serological reactions obtained with anti-bacterial sera. J. Exp. Med. 42:377.

  • 38D
  • A49
  • A148
  • W67


RCL004:

Lancefield, R. C. 1925. The immunological relationships of Streptococcus viridans and certain of its chemical fractions. II. Serological reactions obtained with anti-nucleoprotein sera. J. Exp. Med. 42:397.

  • 38D
  • A
  • A49
  • A148
  • N.Y.5
  • S3
  • S60
  • W67


RCL005:

Lancefield, R. C. 1928. The antigenic complex of Streptococcus haemolyticus. I. Demonstration of a type-specific substance in extracts of Streptococcus haemolyticus. J. Exp. Med. 47:91.

  • R28
  • S3
  • S4
  • S6
  • S23
  • S24
  • S39
  • S43
  • S60
  • S65
  • S72
  • S80
  • S128
  • S144
  • S149
  • S276


RCL006:

Lancefield, R. C. 1928. The antigenic complex of Streptococcus haemolyticus. II. Chemical and immunological properties of the protein fractions. J. Exp. Med. 47:469.

  • 5
  • NEW YORK
  • S23
  • S39
  • S43
  • S60


RCL007:

Lancefield, R. C. 1928. The antigenic complex of Streptococcus haemolyticus. III. Chemical and immunological properties of the species-specific substance. J. Exp. Med. 47:481.

  • S3
  • S23
  • S43
  • S60


RCL008:

Lancefield, R. C. 1928. The antigenic complex of Streptococcus haemolyticus. IV. Anaphylaxis with two non-type specific fractions. J. Exp. Med. 47:843.

  • Pneumococcus (Type III)
  • S3
  • S23
  • S39
  • S43
  • S60
  • V92


RCL009:

Lancefield, R. C. 1928. The antigenic complex of Streptococcus haemolyticus. V. Anaphylaxis with the type-specific substance. J. Exp. Med. 47:857.

  • S23
  • S39
  • S43
  • S60


RCL010:

Lancefield, R. C. and E. W. Todd. 1928. Antigenic differences between matt hemolytic streptococci and their glossy variants. J. Exp. Med. 48:769.

  • C203
  • Henson
  • London
  • New York
  • S3
  • S23
  • S43


RCL011:

Todd, E. W. and R. C. Lancefield. 1928. Variants of hemolytic streptococci; their relation to type-specific substance, virulence, and toxin. J. Exp. Med. 48:751.

  • C203
  • London
  • S23
  • S43
  • S60


RCL012:

Lancefield, R. C. 1932. Note on the susceptibility of certain strains of hemolytic streptococcus to a streptococcus bacteriophage. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 30:169.


RCL013:

Lancefield, R. C. 1933. A serological differentiation of human and other groups of hemolytic streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 57:571.

  • 38D
  • A49
  • A84
  • A135
  • A141
  • A148
  • Boston
  • B39
  • B63
  • B92
  • B112
  • B115
  • B116
  • B120
  • B125
  • B126
  • B132
  • B135
  • C1
  • C2
  • C3
  • C4
  • C5
  • C6
  • C7
  • C8
  • C69
  • C203
  • K56
  • K57
  • K58
  • K59
  • K60
  • K61
  • K62
  • K64
  • K96
  • K104
  • K106
  • K107
  • K109
  • K126
  • K127
  • K128
  • K129
  • K130
  • K131
  • K132
  • K138
  • K139
  • K148
  • K150A
  • K150B
  • K150C
  • K150D
  • K150E
  • K150G
  • K150H
  • K150I
  • K150J
  • K150K
  • K151A
  • K151B
  • K151C
  • K151D
  • K151E
  • K152
  • K155A
  • K155B
  • K155C
  • K155D
  • K155E
  • K155F
  • K155G
  • K155H
  • K155J
  • K155K
  • K155L
  • K155M
  • K155N
  • K155P
  • K157
  • K158A
  • K158B
  • K158C
  • K158D
  • K158E
  • K158F
  • K159
  • K169
  • K171A
  • K171B
  • K171C
  • K171D
  • K171E
  • K171F
  • K171G
  • K196
  • K197
  • K198
  • K208
  • K210
  • M34
  • M216
  • N.Y.5
  • N10
  • O89
  • O90
  • P230
  • P454
  • R226
  • V8
  • V9
  • V10
  • V110A
  • W73


RCL014:

Lancefield, R.C. 1934. A serological differentiation of specific types of bovine hemolytic streptococci (Group B). J. Exp. Med. 59:441.

  • B63
  • B92
  • B112
  • B115
  • B116
  • B120
  • B125
  • B126
  • B132
  • B135
  • C69
  • K107
  • K126
  • K127
  • K151A
  • K158A
  • K198
  • M216
  • O90
  • V8
  • V9


RCL015:

Lancefield, R.C. 1934. Loss of the properties of hemolysin and pigment formation without change in immunological specificity in a strain of Streptococcus haemolyticus. J. Exp. Med. 59:459.

  • O90


RCL016:

Goodner, R., R. C. Lancefield, and H. F. Swift. 1935. The serological classification of hemolytic streptococci in relation to epidemiological problems. Am. J. Med. Sci. 190:445.

(Review)


RCL017:

Lancefield, R. C. and R. Hare. 1935. The serological differentiation of pathogenic and non-pathogenic streptococci from parturient women. J. Exp. Med. 61:335.

  • B-m
  • B-t
  • B-y
  • C-e
  • C-k
  • C-r
  • D-g
  • F-g
  • L-n
  • M-d
  • M-n
  • P-e
  • S-d
  • S-s
  • T-n
  • W-f
  • W-y


RCL018::

Lancefield, R. C. and H. F. Swift. 1936. The problem of serological classification of haemolytic streptococci. Report Proc. 2nd Int. Cong. Mic. London, 1936-1937.

(Abstract)


RCL019:

Lancefield, R. C. 1938. Two serological types of group B hemolytic streptococci with related, but not identical, type-specific substances. J. Exp. Med. 67:25.

  • F4A
  • Human-29-0
  • H36B
  • H69B1
  • H69B4
  • H69B8
  • H69B12
  • H69B13
  • H93B4
  • H93B6
  • H93B8
  • H93B10
  • H93B12
  • H93B15
  • H132A
  • H132C
  • H132E
  • H132G
  • Kaufman-O
  • K127
  • O90
  • S117


RCL020:

Lancefield, R. C. 1938. A micro-precipitin technic for classifying hemolytic streptococci and improved methods for producing antisera. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 38:473.


RCL021:

Hirst, G. K. and R. C. Lancefield. 1939. Antigenic properties of the type-specific substance derived from group A hemolytic streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 69:425.


RCL022:

Lancefield, R. C. 1940. Type-specific antigens, M and T, of matt and glossy variants of group A hemolytic streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 71:521.


RCL023:

Lancefield, R. C. 1940. The significance of M and T antigens in the cross reactions between certain types of group A hemolytic streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 71:539.

  • C203
  • J131
  • P279
  • S118
  • T1
  • T3


RCL024:

Lancefield, R. C. 1941. Specific relationship of cell composition to biological activity of hemolytic streptococci. Harvey Lectures 36:251.

(Lecture)

  • C203


RCL025:

Swift, H. F., A. T. Wilson, and R. C. Lancefield. 1943. Typing group A hemolytic streptococci by M precipitin reaction in capillary pipettes. J. Exp. Med. 78:127.


RCL026:

Lancefield, R.C. 1943. Studies on the antigenic composition of group A hemolytic streptococci. I. Effects of proteolytic enzymes on streptococcal cells. J. Exp. Med. 78:465.


RCL027:

Lancefield, R. C. and W. A. Stewart. 1944. Studies on the antigenic composition of group A hemolytic streptococci. II. The occurrence of strains in a given type containing M but no T antigen. J. Exp. Med. 79:79.

  • C98
  • C149
  • C630
  • D24
  • D205
  • J17B
  • T19
  • T28


RCL028:

Lancefield, R. C. and R. F. Watson. 1944. Studies on the antigenic composition of group A hemolytic streptococci. III. Types with serologically identical M but distinct T antigens types 10 and 12. J. Exp. Med. 79:89

  • 10RS14
  • 610 Esk.
  • 650 Pa.
  • 671 Pata.
  • 686 Bell.
  • 815 Chi.
  • 8115
  • 8186
  • 10295
  • 11275
  • AW17B
  • AW.57
  • C152
  • C186
  • E14
  • F200C
  • F203
  • N.Y.5
  • R2
  • R29
  • R63
  • R97
  • R102
  • S.F.42
  • T12
  • Wilson 868


RCL029:

Lancefield, R. C., W. A. Stewart, A. T. Wilson and H. F. Swift. 1944. Studies on the antigenic composition of group A hemolytic streptococci. IV. Related T but distinct M antigens in types 15, 17, 23, 30 and in types 4, 24, 26, 28, 29 and 46. Identification by slide agglutination. J. Exp. Med. 79:99


RCL030:

Lancefield, R. C. and H. F. Swift. 1945. Comparison of methods for capillary pipette typing of group A hemolytic streptococci. AAF News Letter 2:25.


RCL031:

Lancefield, R. C. and V. P. Dole. 1946. The properties of T antigens extracted from group A hemolytic streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 84:449.


RCL032:

Lancefield, R. C. and G. E. Perlmann. 1952. Preparation and properties of type-specific M antigen isolated from a group A, type I, hemolytic streptococcus. J. Exp. Med. 96:71.

  • SF130
  • T1


RCL033:

Lancefield, R. C. and G. E. Perlmann. 1952. Preparation and properties of a protein (R antigen) occurring in streptococci of group A, type 28 and in certain streptococci of other serological groups. J. Exp. Med. 96:83.

  • B337
  • B342
  • C510
  • C649A
  • D410A
  • T28


RCL034:

Lancefield, R. C. 1954. Cellular constituents of group A streptococci concerned in antigenicity and virulence. In: Streptococcal Infections, ed. by M. McCarty, pp. 3-18. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • C203


RCL035:

McCarty, M. and R. C. Lancefield. 1955. Variation in the group-specific carbohydrate of group A streptococci. I. Immunochemical studies on the carbohydrates of variant strains. J. Exp. Med. 102:11.

  • B421
  • B422
  • C121
  • C121/39
  • C132
  • C132/8
  • C203/29
  • C510
  • C510/71
  • C649A
  • K43
  • K43/30
  • T27
  • T27A
  • Usher


RCL036:

Lancefield, R. C. 1957. Differentiation of group A streptococci with a common R antigen into three serological types, with special reference to the bactericidal test. J. Exp. Med. 106:525.


RCL037:

Lancefield, R. C. 1958. Occurrence of R antigen specific for group A type 3 streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 108:329.

  • B930/24
  • C199
  • C203
  • C203/42
  • D58
  • D58X
  • D58X/11
  • D58X/11/1
  • D121
  • T3


RCL038:

Lancefield, R. C. 1959. Persistence of type specific antibodies in man following infection with group A streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 110:271.


RCL039:

Hook, E. W., R. R. Wagner, and R. C. Lancefield. 1960. An epizootic in Swiss mice caused by a group A streptococcus, newly designated type 50. Am. J. Hyg. 72:111.

  • C57


RCL040:

Watson, R. F., G. K. Hirst, and R. C. Lancefield. 1961. Bacteriological studies of cardiac tissues obtained at autopsy from eleven patients dying with rheumatic fever. Arthritis and Rheum. 4:74.


RCL041:

Lancefield, R. C. 1962. Current knowledge of type specific M antigens of group A streptococci. J. Immunol. 89:307.


RCL042:

Schneider, W. F., S. Chapman, V. Schulz, R. M. Krause, and R. C. Lancefield. 1964. Prevention of streptococcal pharyngitis among military personnel and their civilian dependents by mass prophylaxis. N. Engl. J. Med. 270:1205.


RCL043:

Lancefield, R. C. and E. H. Freimer. 1966. Type-specific polysaccharide antigens of group B streptococci. J. Hyg. (Camb. ) 64:191.

  • 18RS21/19
  • D136C
  • H36B/17
  • V8


RCL044:

Lancefield, R. C. 1969. Current problems in studies of streptococci. J. Gen. Microbiol. 55:161.

(2nd Griffith Memorial Lecture).


RCL045:

Kuttner, A and Lancefield, R. C. 1970. Unsolved problems of the non-suppurative complications of group A streptococcal infections. In: Infectious Agents and host reactions, ed. by Stuart Mudd, pp. 174-196. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.


RCL046:

Rotta, J., R. C. Krause, R. C. Lancefield, W. Everly, and H. Lackland. 1971. New approaches for the laboratory recognition of M types of group A streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 134:1298.


RCL047:

Lancefield, R. C. 1972. Cellular antigens of group B streptococci. In: Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases, ed. by L. W. Wannamaker and J. M. Matsen, pp. 57-65. New York: Academic Press.

(Review)


RCL048:

Lancefield, R. C., M. McCarty, and W. N. Everly. 1975. Multiple mouse-protective antibodies directed against group B streptococci. Special reference to antibodies effective against protein antigens. J. Exp. Med. 142:165.

  • 18RS21
  • A909
  • A909/14
  • C12B
  • D136C
  • H36B
  • H36B/33
  • H36B/60
  • O90
  • O90/14
  • O90R


RCL049:

Elliot, S. D., M. McCarty, and R. C. Lancefield. 1977. Teichoic acids of group D streptococci with special reference to strains from pig meningitis (Streptococcus suis). J. Exp. Med. 145:490.

  • A227
  • A228
  • A481
  • A482
  • C1
  • C3
  • C94
  • D76
  • D930
  • D958


RCL050:

Tai, J. Y., E. C. Gotschlich, and R. C. Lancefield. 1979. Isolation of type-specific polysaccharide antigen from group B type Ib streptococci. J. Exp. Med. 149:58.


RCL051:

McCarty, M. 1987. Rebecca Craighill Lancefield (1895-1991). Biographical Memoirs 57:227.


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